1

I am trying to send sensor values to internet via enc28j60 module and web client example.

My problem is that i chose byte and float form for some sensors i can't convert these values to char form.

Code example below

UVSensorValue = analogRead(A0);               // UVSensorValue is in byte form
concentration = 1.1*pow(duration,3)-3.8*p...  // concentration is in float form

I want to store them in a char variable like this:

param = "uv=5&temp=23.2&dust=0.62..."

And send them here:

ether.browseUrl(PSTR("/measures?"), param, website, browseUrlCallback);

I tried strcpy function or String convention but nothing worked. I know its a silly question however i stuck and cant find solution.

If someone could help me i would be pleased. Thanks in advance!

2

In any other C/C++ platform, you can use "%f" as a format specifier when you want to print (or convert to string) a float using printf or its siblings. Any, except in Arduino.

To convert a float you need use dtostrf(),

char * dtostrf(
    double __val,
    signed char __width,
    unsigned char __prec,
    char * __s)

The dtostrf() function converts the double value passed in val into an ASCII representationthat will be stored under s. The caller is responsible for providing sufficient storage in s.

Conversion is done in the format "[-]d.ddd". The minimum field width of the output string (including the possible '.' and the possible sign for negative values) is given in width, and prec determines the number of digits after the decimal sign. width is signed value, negative for left adjustment.

The dtostrf() function returns the pointer to the converted string s.

To convert a byte (or anything not float) to ascii, use snprintf()

int snprintf ( char * s, 
               size_t n, 
               const char * format, 
               ... );

Write formatted output to sized buffer.

Composes a string with the same text that would be printed if format was used on printf, but instead of being printed, the content is stored as a C string in the buffer pointed by s (taking n as the maximum buffer capacity to fill).

You can read the details by yourself, but here is a demo.

The idea is to produce in buffer a traditional C-style string (null terminated). That string you can print or transmit.

The float value is printed in two step. First, we use dtostrf to convert the float value to his ascii representation. Then we use snprintf to include that value (as a string) inside a whole line, latter to be printed.

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  while(!Serial);
  Serial.println("Start");

  float value = 123.45;
  byte balue = 128;

  char buffer[80];
  char fValue[16];
  dtostrf(value, 3, 2, fValue);
  snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "float %s", fValue);
  Serial.println(buffer);
  snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "byte value is %d", (int) balue);
  Serial.println(buffer);
}

void loop() {

}
  • It helped me achieve it. Thanks a lot man!! – billyVal Feb 14 '18 at 12:10

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