I am not very experienced in this, but I was wondering if Code::Blocks has a way of getting a debugger that runs for Arduino chips, specifically. I understand there is Arduino IDE for but does it allow debugging specific to those microcontrollers (Amtel and such)?
If you are interested in on-board debugging or off-board debugging, you will need a programmer/debugger. I would recommend the Atmel AVR Dragon. Atmel AVR Dragon uses the Atmel Studio 6.2, which is a great IDE.
Answer: Code blocks does not currently have an Arduino debugger. The Arduino IDE does not have a debugger.
There is an Arduino debugger in Atmel Studio using the Visual Micro plugin.
That said, you have to use Ms Windows to use Atmel Studio which might not be available to you.
The Visual Micro debugger is simple and uses usb so does not require additional hardware but as your experience grows you might also like to progress to fully blown hardware debug using the native Atmel Studio Tools