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There is tons of information on how IR remote controls work and how to use an Arduino to decode those signals and use any IR remote to suit your project. But I couldn't find much info about 2.4G RF remotes.

I want to control a string of addressable LEDs and cycle through different patterns using one of these 2.4G RF remotes

2.4G RF RGB LED controller

Is it possible to use these remotes with Arduino? If yes, how can I read the signals and assign tasks to different buttons on the remote?

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    First step would be to open it up, and see what chip is inside. Just the 2.4GHz isn't saying very much, as 2.4Ghz is also used by WiFi, Bluetooth, some Zigbee. All different kinds of encodings and protocols. – Gerben Jun 10 '17 at 15:31
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The usual approach for 2.4 GHz is to open the product, identify the radio chip, and use a USB logic analyzer on the SPI bus that usually connects it to the MCU to capture the configuration and data traffic, and figure out what the configuration register accesses mean from the radio chip data sheet.

The occasional appearance of combined MCU/radio parts prevents that approach, but often that is only used on one end of the link and the other will still have a distinct MCU and radio with an SPI bus in between.

This is heavily practiced in the radio control community, as people want to use their nice transmitters to fly cheap toys. And there is code out there to transmit compatibly with some of the odder chips like the X297, using more common ones like the NRF24L01 or its workalikes from Beken, etc.

A key advantage of SPI sniffing versus over-the-air sniffing is that the usually implemented channel-hopping doesn't mean you loose the signal ever time it moves to a new channel - and you actually get to the see the frequency registers being written. To capture a hopping scheme over the air, you would need something more like a spectrum analyzer to figure out the sequence, and then have software track the signal while you attempt to figure out the data. However, a remote which only sends occasional button presses may not use hopping in the way something sending data continuously (like an R/C set, or possibly a keyboard/mouse) would.

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If it is based on the nRF24L01+ (or the nRF31512C SoC, which is a combined MCU and nRF24L01+ in one chip, and used in most wireless mice and keyboards) then it may be possible to sniff the signal. If not, you're probably not going to have much luck.

You'd be better off trying to hack the existing receiver that is paired with the remote to get usable signals out of it.

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