I am trying to create a new library that uses another existing library.

The original library declares a way to create an object called Multiserial that can be created in the main file and the program is correctly compiled.

However, when I include this library in a second one and I try to build the program, then the IDE returns an error that says:

In file included from C:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino\hardware\arduino\avr\cores\arduino/Print.h:27:0, from C:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino\hardware\arduino\avr\cores\arduino/Stream.h:26, from MultiSerial.h:17, from maqMODBUSmst.h:5, from maqMODBUSmst.c:1: C:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino\hardware\arduino\avr\cores\arduino/Printable.h:25:1: error: unknown type name 'class' class Print;

Even if the library only contains the include of the first one.

  • 1
    I am absolutely stupid. The fail was that ai was trying to use classes in a .c instead creating a .cpp
    – Zero point
    Nov 20, 2015 at 10:07

1 Answer 1


Nested includes lead to these convoluted error messages and are in general, a PITA for the next reader to follow & understand. It is better practice for the dependent library to test, at compile time, for the existence of its required libraries and for each one found missing, issue:

#error DepLibe.h: Missing required include file ReqLibe.h

Most .h files guard against multiple-inclusion by

#ifndef _REQLIBE_H_
#define _REQLIBE_H_
// library definitions here

or some variant of it. DepLibe.h can test for these guard symbols. DepLibe.h should document the dependencies in prominent comments.

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