You mean that the STK500 v2 programmer uses an emulated serial port
rather than direct USB? Then I guess there is a bug in the Arduino IDE.
The file programmers.txt contains the following lines
describing the programmer:
I would say you have to select the Arduino as ISP Programmer. Not the mkII ISP. Perhaps the attiny board library can handle connection to attiny dev boards over usb if you use the standard programmer. But that's just a very very rough guess. But selecting the Arduino as ISP is a requirement.
No you can not use the Arduino as ISP if you use an STK500 ...
It seems that you are using too high programming speed. SCK period al of 0.1 us renders 10 MHz, which is to fast if crystal is working at 8 MHz. Not sure where to change it in Arduino environment, but you should add this key to avrdude.exe run string:
avrdude.exe -B 8
This will set programming speed to 125 kHz. Also I suggest you to buy a cheap USBasp ...