Welcome, I understand where you are coming from, without a background you do not know what to ask. Were were all where you are at one time. I hope this helps. You need to do some studying on the I2C bus, online tutorials will make it easy. You you will find you can connect over 100 devices to it at one time The SCL and SDA lines go from module to module. Note each module has its own address, sometimes they are selectable. Some modules have pull up resistors, others do not. To keep it interesting the pull up resistors are mostly 10K but that is not a constant.
There are loading rules etc to be careful of if you have long wires or maybe more than three units. You need to add pull ups to each of the two lines (example: 4.7K from SCL to +5) or use something in the 3K range for a 3V3 system. The reason is because the bus has both dominant and recessive states where the recessive is high which the resistor provides. The SCL and SDA output/input on the parts have open collector/open drain outputs so they cannot source anything.
Once you have it hooked up you need to run a program called I2C scan or something like that. If you have wired it correctly it will give you the address of the module, you will probably get two or three as there is the RTC, Memory device and possible a temperature sensor.
The #1 rule is the Arduino A Power Supply it is NOT! A small module or two connected to the 5V out is fine but never connect a motor directly to any arduino you will probably fry the Arduino.
I use Vin and supply it with about 8 volts by using either a Buck or Sepic converter from a 12V 2A or larger supply. I do it this way because I get a more stable voltage on the Arduino because of the extra filtering etc built into the analog regulator section. Real nice when using the A/D, keeps things stable. Were here to help, ask questions any time and do not worry is some over eager person decides to vote you down. Read the guidelines etc and you will do great.
You can search online for "Arduino RTC" and find a lot of programs with software.