I am a new Arduino user. I am not sure whether I can connect both USB and external supply through power adaptor to Arduino simultaneously. Would this burn the controller?
Basically, I want to automatically shut down the computer after saving all open documents before my UPS battery goes out whenever I am not there to manually shut it down. I am trying to notify the computer about the power failures of main supply - AC 220V 50 Hz (notification/signal sent when power goes out) via USB using Arduino. I am thinking that this can be done by using the external voltage power supply pin. Whenever power goes out in the mains, the external voltage power supply pin will drop to 0 V from 7 V. The value of the voltage can be read using software ( I am unclear about this: Can it be done? If yes, how?). The Arduino will still be powered up as it is connected to USB of computer and thereby communicates to the computer about the power failure.