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I'm trying to control the speed of a DC current motor with PWM.

I use an arduino UNO to send PWM signal to a mosfet Velleman vma411 to change the average tension of a my motor which is wired to stabilized power supply (about 10V). In order to get the rotational frequency of my motor, I have a hall effect sensor next to the rotational axis. Each half turn the sensor changes value (either 0 or 5V). To detect the changes I use attachInterrupt() to detect the changes.

When the arduino is not sending any PWM signal, the frequency measured is perfectly fine (I verified it using an oscilloscope). BUT when I send PWM signal to my motor, the frequency makes no more sense (about 1 value out of 3 is 10 times higher than the expected one).

To solve this issue I tried three different things :

  • putting a capacitor (between 100 microF and 2200 microF) between the arduino and the mosfet sig port,
  • using a average value of the last 10 measured frequencies,
  • adding a numerical filter,
  • using one ground pin for the mosfet and a different one for the sensor port,

Nevertheless any of those ideas really worked for me.

I suppose this may be due to some electrical reflection issues? Maybe should I change my mosfet or use a L298N?

Thanks in advance

My code which goal is to measure accurately the rotational frequency while sending a PWM signal to the mosfet:

/*
alimentation du capteur : 4V
mesure précise jusqu'à au moins 10V
*/

//ports
int rotation_port = 3;
int mosfet_sig_port = 11;
int debug_port = 10;

//mesures :
volatile long t_new;
volatile long t_old;
volatile long res;
volatile float frequence;
volatile float old_frequence;

// asser
float rapport_cyclique = 127; //entre 0 et 255

void setup() {
  pinMode(rotation_port, INPUT_PULLUP); // pour interrupt
  attachInterrupt(digitalPinToInterrupt(rotation_port), capteur_hall_changement, FALLING);
  pinMode(debug_port, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(mosfet_sig_port, OUTPUT);
  Serial.begin(115200);
  old_frequence = 100;
}

void capteur_hall_changement() {
  t_new = micros();
  res = 1.0 / (t_new - t_old) * 1000000;
  if (res/old_frequence <= 1.5) {
    frequence = res;
    old_frequence=frequence;
  }
  t_old = t_new;
  Serial.println(frequence);
}


void loop() {
  // Envoi du signal PWM sur la sortie numérique mosfet_sig_port
  analogWrite(mosfet_sig_port, int(rapport_cyclique));
}
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  • 3
    1. Do not Serial.println() in interrupt context. 2. frequence and old_frequence are redundant (they are always the same). 3. What is the rationale for if (res/old_frequence <= 1.5)? Jan 15, 2022 at 13:25
  • the goal of if (res/old_frequence <= 1.5) is to remove the measures that should not appear. I want to measure a frequency of around 100Hz and some measures are giving a 200Hz frequency for no reason, so the goal was to numerically filter them. Jan 16, 2022 at 11:02

1 Answer 1

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When you use interrupts your PWM can work bad so don't use them both at the time.

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