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I am working on a garden timer project, I connect to WiFi once and if its successful show time from NTPClient or else show time from RTC.

I have been done the above, and it works in the sense that if I turn off the WiFi while the program is running, it switches to the RTC and back to NTPClient when WiFi is available again.

PROBLEM- If the WiFi is not available when the board boots, the program just waits for WiFi where I want it to use RTC.

Hardware-ESP8266 based NodeMCU, I2C RTC, I2C 16x2 LCD.

Software-Blynk

My code:-

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <BlynkSimpleEsp8266.h>
#include <NTPClient.h>
#include <WiFiUdp.h>
#include <DS3231.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include "DHT.h"
#include "LiquidCrystal_PCF8574.h"

#define BLYNK_PRINT Serial
#define DHT_PIN_DATA  12
// LCD definitions
#define LCD_ADDRESS 0x27
#define LCD_ROWS 2
#define LCD_COLUMNS 16
#define SCROLL_DELAY 150
#define BACKLIGHT 25
#define DHTTYPE DHT22

// Auth code and wifi credentials here
char auth[] = "ymri80lFL9_xjZppphf6WIRHtQ1kqEWOt9zBy";
char ssid[] = "Hotspot-82DB";
char pass[] = "qqnbkbbbk";
int autoSch;
int waterNow;
int morTime;
int afterTime;
int postNoon;
int eveTime;
int schTime;
int minStep;
int interval;
int count;
int flag = 0;
int soilHum = A0;
int waterItr;
int checkRun;
int waterItr1;
int oneTime;
bool h12Flag;
bool pmFlag;

unsigned long previousMillis = 0;
byte wifi[] = {
  B00001,
  B00001,
  B00101,
  B00101,
  B00101,
  B10101,
  B10101,
  B10101,

};

DHT dht(DHT_PIN_DATA, DHTTYPE);
LiquidCrystal_PCF8574 lcdI2C;
WiFiUDP ntpUDP;
DS3231 Clock;
NTPClient timeClient(ntpUDP, "in.pool.ntp.org", 19800, 600000);

BLYNK_CONNECTED() {
  Blynk.syncAll();
}

BLYNK_WRITE(V0)
{
  autoSch = param.asInt(); // assigning incoming value from pin V1 to a variable
}

BLYNK_WRITE(V1)
{
  morTime = param.asInt(); // assigning incoming value from pin V1 to a variable
}

BLYNK_WRITE(V2)
{
  afterTime = param.asInt(); // assigning incoming value from pin V1 to a variable
}

BLYNK_WRITE(V6)
{
  postNoon = param.asInt(); // assigning incoming value from pin V1 to a variable
}

BLYNK_WRITE(V3)
{
  eveTime = param.asInt(); // assigning incoming value from pin V1 to a variable
}

BLYNK_WRITE(V10)
{
  waterNow = param.asInt(); // assigning incoming value from pin V1 to a variable
}

BLYNK_WRITE(V4)
{
  schTime = param.asInt(); // assigning incoming value from pin V1 to a variable
}

BLYNK_WRITE(V7)
{
  minStep = param.asInt(); // assigning incoming value from pin V1 to a variable
}

void setup()
{
  Wire.begin();
  dht.begin();
  lcdI2C.begin(LCD_COLUMNS, LCD_ROWS, LCD_ADDRESS, BACKLIGHT);
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);
  pinMode(14, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(15, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(14, LOW);
  digitalWrite(15, LOW);
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 0);
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V8, 0);
  pinMode(0, INPUT_PULLUP);
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Blynk.begin(auth, ssid, pass);
      timeClient.begin();
  /*
    while ( WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED ) {
      delay ( 500 );
      Serial.print ( "." );
    }
  */
  

  Blynk.syncAll();
  lcdI2C.createChar(0, wifi);
}

void loop()
{
  Blynk.run();
  time_run();
  lcd();
  butPress();
  butCheck();
  /*if (waterNow != 1) {
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V10, 0);
    digitalWrite(14, LOW);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 0);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V8, minStep * 60);
    }*/
  if (waterNow == 1) {
    if (waterItr < minStep * 60) {
      waterOn();
      waterItr++;
      delay(500);
    }
    else {
      waterOff();
    }

  } else if (autoSch == 0) {
    auto_run1();
    waterItr = 0;
  } else if (autoSch == 1) {
    sch_run2();
    waterItr = 0;
  } else {
    //Blynk.virtualWrite(V10, 0);
    waterItr = 0;
    digitalWrite(14, LOW);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 0);
  }
  Blynk.syncAll();

}

void butPress() {
  if (digitalRead(0) == LOW) {
    delay (100);
    if (flag == 0) {
      flag = 1;
    }
    else if (flag == 1) {
      flag = 0;
      waterItr1 = 0;
      digitalWrite(15, LOW);
      Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 0);
    }
  }
}

void butCheck() {
  if (flag == 1) {
    digitalWrite(15, HIGH);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 255);
    lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
    lcdI2C.print("Wtr B Now :  ");
    lcdI2C.print(600 - waterItr1);
    if (waterItr1 < 600) {
      waterItr1++;
      delay(500);
    }
    else {
      waterItr1 = 0;
      flag = 0;
      digitalWrite(15, LOW);
      Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 0);
    }
  }
}


void lcd() {
  if (oneTime == 0){

    oneTime=0;
    }
  //lcdI2C.clear();
  lcdI2C.setCursor(0, 0);

  if (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) {
    timeClient.update();
    lcdI2C.print("T:");
    lcdI2C.print(timeClient.getFormattedTime());
    Clock.setHour(timeClient.getHours());
    Clock.setMinute(timeClient.getMinutes());
    Clock.setSecond(timeClient.getSeconds());
  } else {
lcdI2C.print("R:");
lcdI2C.print(Clock.getHour(h12Flag, pmFlag)); lcdI2C.print(":"); lcdI2C.print(Clock.getMinute()); lcdI2C.print(":"); lcdI2C.print(Clock.getSecond());
  }
  if (autoSch == 0) {
    lcdI2C.setCursor(10, 0);
    lcdI2C.print(" Auto   ");
  } else {
    lcdI2C.print(" Sch   ");
  }

  if (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) {
    lcdI2C.setCursor(15, 0);
    lcdI2C.write(0);
  }

  if (digitalRead(14) == 1) {
    lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
    lcdI2C.print("Wtr Now           ");
  }
  else
  {
    if (int(timeClient.getHours()) < 6 && morTime == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at: 6a ");
    } else if (int(timeClient.getHours()) < 12 && afterTime == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at: 12n ");
    } else if (int(timeClient.getHours()) < 14 && postNoon == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at:14pn ");
    } else if (int(timeClient.getHours()) < 18 && eveTime == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at: 18e ");
    } else if (int(timeClient.getHours()) >= 18 && morTime == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at: 6a ");
    } else if (int(timeClient.getHours()) >= 6 && morTime == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at: 6a ");
    } else if (int(timeClient.getHours()) >= 12 && afterTime == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at: 12a ");
    }   else if (int(timeClient.getHours()) >= 14 && postNoon == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at: 14a ");
    }  else if (int(timeClient.getHours()) >= 18 && eveTime == 1 && autoSch == 0) {
      lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
      lcdI2C.print("Auto Wtr at: 18a ");
    } else {
      if (autoSch == 0) {
        lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
        lcdI2C.print("  Switch to Sch  ");
      } else {
        lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
        lcdI2C.print("  Schedule mode ");
      }
    }
  }
}

void waterOn() {
  lcdI2C.setCursor(0, 0);
  digitalWrite(14, HIGH);
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 255);
  lcdI2C.selectLine(2);
  lcdI2C.print("Wtr Now :");
  lcdI2C.print((minStep * 60)  - waterItr);
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V8, (minStep * 60)  - waterItr);
  Blynk.syncAll();
}

void waterOff() {
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V10, 0);
  digitalWrite(14, LOW);
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 0);
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V8, 0);
  waterItr = 0;
  Blynk.syncAll();
}

void sch_run2() {
  if (schTime == 1) {
    digitalWrite(14, HIGH);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 255);
    checkRun = 1;
    Blynk.syncAll();
  } else if (schTime == 0) {
    checkRun = 0;
    if (checkRun == 0) {
      digitalWrite(14, LOW);
      Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 0);
      Blynk.syncAll();
    }
  }
}

void time_run() {
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V11, int(timeClient.getHours()));
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V12, int(timeClient.getMinutes()));
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V13, float(dht.readTempC()));
  Blynk.virtualWrite(V14, float(dht.readHumidity()));
}

void auto_run1() {
  if (morTime == 1 && String(timeClient.getFormattedTime()) > "06:00:00" && String(timeClient.getFormattedTime()) < "06:20:00") {
    digitalWrite(14, HIGH);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 255);
    checkRun = 1;
  }
  else if (afterTime == 1 && String(timeClient.getFormattedTime()) > "12:00:00" && String(timeClient.getFormattedTime()) < "12:20:00") {
    digitalWrite(14, HIGH);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 255);
    checkRun = 1;
  }
  else if (postNoon == 1 && String(timeClient.getFormattedTime()) > "14:00:00" && String(timeClient.getFormattedTime()) < "14:20:00") {
    digitalWrite(14, HIGH);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 255);
    checkRun = 1;
  }
  else if (eveTime == 1 && String(timeClient.getFormattedTime()) > "11:49:00" && String(timeClient.getFormattedTime()) < "11:50:00") {
    digitalWrite(14, HIGH);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 255);
    checkRun = 1;
  }
  else  {
    //(String(timeClient.getFormattedTime() == "06:20:00" || "12:20:00" || "14:20:00" || "13:48:00"))
    //waterNowrun();
    checkRun = 0;
    if (checkRun == 0) {
      //Blynk.virtualWrite(V10, 0);
      digitalWrite(14, LOW);
      Blynk.virtualWrite(V5, 0);
      Blynk.virtualWrite(V8, 0);
      Blynk.syncAll();
    }
  }
}
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  • 1
    @juraj No its not the real one, still would like to use NTPClient – Coder9390 May 17 at 6:05
  • 1
    @juraj What's the problem with NTP, Blynk.begin waits for the WiFi connection. How to prevent it? – Coder9390 May 17 at 6:25
  • 1
    your question is all about NTP and RTC, but you ask about WiFi connection. so I don't know what do you ask. Blynk.begin() calls Blynk.config() and then waits for WiFi. you can use Blynk.config only – Juraj May 17 at 10:29
  • 1
    @juraj Forget about NTP and RTC, the code does not execute until its connected to wifi, how do I prevent it? – Coder9390 May 17 at 11:55
  • 2
    replace Blynk.begin with Blynk.config(key) and handle the WiFi connection as usual without Blynk – Juraj May 17 at 12:31

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