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I have a web service that returns timestamps in ISO 8601 format, e.g., "2021-06-25T12:00:00" I'm trying to turn the timestamp string into a tm type struct from the ESP8266 library <time.h>, to perform time calculations using the difftime() function.

I've been referring to the Redhat time functions https://sourceware.org/newlib/libc.html#time, as it seem to be compatible with the ESP library, though all i can find are functions converting tm structs to timestamp strings. Are there any functions to convert a string timestamp into a tm struct and then back into epoch? Or what would be the best way to approach this kind of conversion on the ESP8266 platform?

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  • Does this answer your question? How to parse 20180810T143000Z to time_t
    – Juraj
    Apr 29 '21 at 5:26
  • Thank you! This method works too, though i find the answer below to be more useful.
    – Boyfinn
    Apr 29 '21 at 6:53
  • sorry yes, there is a different format. strptime can't parse a timestamp without delimiters.
    – Juraj
    Apr 29 '21 at 7:08
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Try strptime from the time.h.

void setup()
{
    
  struct tm tm = {0};
  char buf[100];
  
  // Convert to tm struct
  strptime("2001-11-12 18:31:01", "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", &tm);
  
  // Can convert to any other format
  strftime(buf, sizeof(buf), "%d %b %Y %H:%M", &tm);
  Serial.printf("%s", buf);
}

void loop()
{
    yield();
}
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  • Thank you. The method above works. I just formatted my string as "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S",instead.
    – Boyfinn
    Apr 29 '21 at 6:51

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