Using the Ticker library for the ESP32, how can I use a lambda as an argument to the attach method?

tickerSystemManager.attach(1000, [&](){

Attempting to use the above, I get the following error:

Matrx.cpp:11:4: error: no matching function for call to 'Ticker::attach(int, Matrx::setup()::<lambda()>)'
Ticker.h:40:8: note: candidate: void Ticker::attach(float, Ticker::callback_t)

How can I capp a lambda into this method?

  • 1
    Lambda expressions that take have no captures generate some implementation type that is implicitly convertible to a basic pointer to function type. Lambda expressions that have a capture group don't qualify for that and are generally speaking not going to be compatible, because in practice what the compiler generates is a class whose members represent the captures, which makes the pointer into a pointer to class member function and therefore incompatible with regular pointer to function.
    – timemage
    Jan 31 at 2:26
  • So what can I do to call the sync method of my object? It seems as if every attempt to do so give me some error or another.
    – Matt Clark
    Jan 31 at 5:37
  • If systemManager is a global, just remove the & from the capture.
    – Mat
    Jan 31 at 9:30

As @timemage explains in a comment, you cannot pass a capturing lambda to a function that expects a plain pointer to function. There is, however, a way out of this: the Ticker class provides an overload of the attach() method that allows you to provide a parameter of any type to tour callback:

template<typename TArg>
void attach(float seconds, void (*callback)(TArg), TArg arg)

You can use this version of attach() and provide it both

  • a non-capturing lambda that gets a pointer to systemManager
  • that pointer as a third argument.

Edit: I did a few tests, and it seems my compiler cannot properly perform template argument deduction in this case, but the approach works if you explicitly specialize the template. Namely:

tickerSystemManager.attach<typeof systemManager>(
    [](typeof systemManager p){ p->sync(); },
  • You've managed to make this on topic. Might as well go a step further and show the user-data-capable overload in the context of a lambda expression.
    – timemage
    Jan 31 at 13:30
  • @timemage: Good suggestion. I updated the answer. Jan 31 at 16:40
  • I really appreciate the answer, this compiled and seems to run as expected! I am still trying to learn Cpp while setting up an ESP project and you are definitely giving me more to look into!
    – Matt Clark
    Feb 2 at 6:54

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