3

Im trying to move a servo from one place to another while using the typical for loop you find in the servo's library example.

int lightON = 180;
int lightOFF = 90;

for (pos1 = lightOFF; pos1 <= lightON; pos1 += 1) {
  servo1.write(pos1);
  delay(15);
}

for (pos1 = lightON; pos1 >= lightOFF; pos1 -= 1) {
  servo1.write(pos1);
  delay(15);
}

The thing is that while this does work, I want to be able to move the servo a little quicker but I cant use the delay function because of some connectivity issues with another library named BLYNK. How could i move the servo from lightOFF to lightON the quickest way possible without the delay function? Sorry for my grammar i'm not a native english speaker. Thank you!

0
4

The quickest way possible from LightON to LightOFF is simply servo1.write(lightOFF); without loops or delays, in one go; no need to do it degree by degree. For example:

int lightON = 180;
int lightOFF = 90;

for (pos1 = lightOFF; pos1 <= lightON; pos1++) {
  servo1.write(pos1);
  delay(15);
}

servo1.write(lightOFF);

If you want it to move a few degrees every loop and do other things in the loop while it moves, you can time it with millis() instead of delay(). The code below should move the servo 5 degrees every 0.5s:

int moveTime = 500; // Move every 0.5s
unsigned long int startMillis = 0;
int position = lightOFF;
int step = 5; // Move 5 degrees

void loop() {
  if (millis() - startMillis >= moveTime) {
    servo1.write(position);
    if (position <= lightON) {
      position = position + step;
    }
    startMillis = millis();
  }
  // Do other things
}

Untested and incomplete, but you get the idea.

2

The best way is to use map() function.

void loop() {
  unsigned long progress = millis() - startMillis;

  int angle = map(progress, 0, MOVING_PEDIOD, lightOFF , lightON);
  servo1.write(angle);
}

The above code use the millis() function, therefore you do not need to worry about blocking other code.

Full instruction is available on How to control speed of servo motor

1
  • Nice idea! It should be combined with constrain() in order to avoid overshooting (map() does not implicitly constrain()). Dec 2 '20 at 8:05

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