1

Im working on an arduino robot that needs to follower a leader robot infront of it. The leader robot can accelerate, decelerate , and stop and my robot needs to be able to follow the leader without crashing into it.

I have my two sensors working however Im having a harder time integrating the motors to ramp up or down. Currently only one wheel turns on at a time for the right and left commands. How can I appropriatly ramp up or down the wheel speed.

int SpRMotor = 5;  //speed Right Motor
int MotorA1 = 7; //Right Motor = +
int MotorA2 = 6; //Right Motor = -
int MotorB1 = 8; //Left Motor = -
int MotorB2 = 9; //Left Motor = +
int SpLMotor = 10;  //speed Left Motor

int TriggerPIN1 = 3;//right
int EchoPIN1 = 2;
int TriggerPIN2 = 12;//left
int EchoPIN2 = 11;

void setup(){
  pinMode(TriggerPIN1,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(EchoPIN1,INPUT);
  pinMode(TriggerPIN2,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(EchoPIN2,INPUT);

  pinMode(MotorB1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MotorB2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MotorA1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MotorA2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(SpLMotor, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(SpRMotor, OUTPUT);


  analogWrite(SpRMotor, 170);
  analogWrite(SpLMotor, 170);
  Serial.begin(9600); 
  }
void loop(){  

  int limit;
  int sampledata1, sampledata2;
  sampledata1 = distance(TriggerPIN1, EchoPIN1);
  Serial.print("distance1: ");
  Serial.print(sampledata1);
  delay(100);
  sampledata2 = distance(TriggerPIN2, EchoPIN2);
  Serial.print(" distance2: ");
  Serial.println(sampledata2);
  delay(100);
  limit = 10;
  if((15> sampledata1 >= limit)&&(15> sampledata2 >= limit))
  {
    Serial.print("True");
    forward();
    delay(100);
  }
     if (sampledata2  >= 15 )
    {turnRight();}
  if (sampledata1  >= 15 )
    {turnLeft();}
  if ((limit > sampledata1)&&(limit> sampledata2 ))
  { 
    Stop();
  }

}

void forward(){
digitalWrite(MotorA1, LOW);
digitalWrite(MotorA2, HIGH);
digitalWrite(MotorB1, HIGH);
digitalWrite(MotorB2, LOW);  
}


void turnRight(){
digitalWrite(MotorA1, LOW);
digitalWrite(MotorA2, LOW);
digitalWrite(MotorB1, HIGH);
digitalWrite(MotorB2, LOW);  
}

void turnLeft(){
digitalWrite(MotorA1, LOW);
digitalWrite(MotorA2, HIGH);
digitalWrite(MotorB1, LOW);
digitalWrite(MotorB2, LOW);
}


void Stop(){
digitalWrite(MotorA1, LOW);
digitalWrite(MotorA2, LOW);
digitalWrite(MotorB1, LOW);
digitalWrite(MotorB2, LOW);
}
int distance(int trig, int echo)
{ digitalWrite(trig,LOW);
  delayMicroseconds(2);
  digitalWrite(trig,HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(10);
  digitalWrite(trig,LOW);
  long timedelay = pulseIn(echo,HIGH);
  int distance = 0.0343 * (timedelay/2);

  return distance;
}
1

The speed seams to be defined by a an analog write to SpRMotor and SpLMotor. You did that once (with value 170) in the setup. If you use variables for that (e.g. speedValueL and speedValueR) you can change their values as you need it and write it to the PWM channels on each forward, backward, left or right statement.

A short example:

int SpRMotor = 5;  //speed Right Motor
int MotorA1 = 7; //Right Motor = +
int MotorA2 = 6; //Right Motor = -
int MotorB1 = 8; //Left Motor = -
int MotorB2 = 9; //Left Motor = +
int SpLMotor = 10;  //speed Left Motor

int TriggerPIN1 = 3;//right
int EchoPIN1 = 2;
int TriggerPIN2 = 12;//left
int EchoPIN2 = 11;

int speedValueL = 0;
int speedValueR = 0;

void setup()
{
  pinMode(TriggerPIN1,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(EchoPIN1,INPUT);
  pinMode(TriggerPIN2,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(EchoPIN2,INPUT);

  pinMode(MotorB1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MotorB2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MotorA1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(MotorA2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(SpLMotor, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(SpRMotor, OUTPUT);

  analogWrite(SpRMotor, speedValueR);
  analogWrite(SpLMotor, speedValueL);

  Serial.begin(9600); 
}

void loop()
{  
  int limit;
  int sampledata1, sampledata2;
  sampledata1 = distance(TriggerPIN1, EchoPIN1);
  Serial.print("distance1: ");
  Serial.print(sampledata1);
  delay(100);
  sampledata2 = distance(TriggerPIN2, EchoPIN2);
  Serial.print(" distance2: ");
  Serial.println(sampledata2);
  delay(100);
  limit = 10;
  if( (15> sampledata1 >= limit) && (15> sampledata2 >= limit) )
  {
    Serial.print("True");
    // Just my guess - do what fits for you
    speedValueL = 170;
    speedValueR = 170;

    forward();
    delay(100);
  }

  if (sampledata2  >= 15 )
  {
    // Just my guess - do what fits for you
    speedValueL = 200;
    speedValueR = 0;

    turnRight();
  }

  if (sampledata1  >= 15 )
  {
    // Just my guess - do what fits for you
    speedValueL = 0;
    speedValueR = 200;

    turnLeft();
  }

  if ( ( limit > sampledata1 ) && ( limit> sampledata2 ) )
  { 
    // Just my guess - do what fits for you
    speedValueL = 0;
    speedValueR = 0;

    Stop();
  }
}

void forward()
{
  analogWrite(SpRMotor, speedValueR);
  analogWrite(SpLMotor, speedValueL);

  digitalWrite(MotorA1, LOW);
  digitalWrite(MotorA2, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(MotorB1, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(MotorB2, LOW);  
}


void turnRight()
{
  analogWrite(SpRMotor, speedValueR);
  analogWrite(SpLMotor, speedValueL);

  digitalWrite(MotorA1, LOW);
  digitalWrite(MotorA2, LOW);
  digitalWrite(MotorB1, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(MotorB2, LOW);  
}

void turnLeft()
{
  analogWrite(SpRMotor, speedValueR);
  analogWrite(SpLMotor, speedValueL);

  digitalWrite(MotorA1, LOW);
  digitalWrite(MotorA2, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(MotorB1, LOW);
  digitalWrite(MotorB2, LOW);
}


void Stop()
{
  analogWrite(SpRMotor, speedValueR);
  analogWrite(SpLMotor, speedValueL);

  digitalWrite(MotorA1, LOW);
  digitalWrite(MotorA2, LOW);
  digitalWrite(MotorB1, LOW);
  digitalWrite(MotorB2, LOW);
}

int distance( int trig, int echo )
{ 
  digitalWrite( trig, LOW );
  delayMicroseconds( 2 );
  digitalWrite( trig, HIGH );
  delayMicroseconds( 10 );
  digitalWrite( trig, LOW );
  long timedelay = pulseIn( echo, HIGH );
  int distance = 0.0343 * ( timedelay / 2);

  return distance;
}

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