I am getting fan motor rpm as 3200. But if I get the data as 50, I should get the value like 0050. How can I do this?

I can do it like checking the value for single digit(0-9), double digit (10-99), and triple digit (100-999) and four digit(1000-9999). I need to fix digit size and send it through serial. Is there any other way for this?


You can use the C function sprintf:

char text[5];
sprintf(text, "%04d", number);

The leading 0 in 04d will add zero's for the length (4) is met, so 1 will become 0001, 10 will become 0010, 100 will become 0100 and 1000 will stay 1000.

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    this is what i expected... thank you very much for your comment.. – Girinath Periyasamy Sep 11 at 14:42

Three if statements look a bit simplistic, but are much better in code size than sprintf, if that's the only usage for sprintf.

 if (number < 1000) Serial.write('0');
 if (number < 100) Serial.write('0');
 if (number < 10) Serial.write('0');

Saves about 1.5kB Flash, compiled with Arduino 1.8.9 for an Uno

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    if (number < 10) { Serial.print("000"); } else if (number < 100) { Serial.print("00"); } else if (number < 1000) { Serial.print('0'); } This saves another 200 bytes. – Michel Keijzers Sep 11 at 13:30

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