With my arduino I want to measure if one / two AAA batteries are in their single / double battery holder.
When the Arduino is running, connected to some other power supply and the batteries are in place everything is fine: I get my measurements of around 1.5V / 3V on the analog pin the battery is connected to (- of battery and Arduino GND are connected as well of course).
Problems arise when I either
a) pull the batteries out: The analog pin is left floating. Not good. Can I put the pin into INPUT_PULLUP mode? Is the internal resistor big enough? Or will the then connected 5V damage my batteries when they are back in the battery holder?
b) dissconect the Arduino from its external power supply: Because the Arduino is then "powered" by the 3V through the analog pin my blinking LED keeps blinking (at less brightness, but still...). I neither want the batteries to get drained nor damage my Arduino with it. So I would like to avoid this.
Actually I don't care about the actual battery voltage - I just want to know if the batteries are in their holder or not. And I want to leave the batteries there even though the Arduino is not powered. I would even consider something like "a button is held down when a battery is in its holder" or any other (simple) creative ideas.
Is this possible? How?