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I'm going to create an IoT system. I use a Raspberry Pi as a MQTT broker and as a webserver. Every day, the Pi gets a new IP address, so I need to find its new IP address via ESP8266 to use this information in my code. I know that I can use a fixed IP, but I don't want to, so it is better if I can find a solution.

  • What is the question you are asking? – MichaelT May 3 '19 at 12:33
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    You could use mDNS. – Gerben May 3 '19 at 12:58
  • There was some problem in the libraries that i tried, i'm trying to solve it via Pinging now. – sistemofsis May 3 '19 at 13:26
  • As @Gerben say use multicast DNS aka AVAHI, it is even supported on ESP's ref.: tttapa.github.io/ESP8266/Chap08%20-%20mDNS.html – MatsK May 8 '19 at 8:30
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First of all, if your Raspberry Pi acts as webserver and mqtt broker, in my opinion you should assign a fixed ip-address, either via configuration in the access point/router or via static ip.

However, if you insist on your approach you could do some hands-on method of pinging all addresses in your LAN-subnet and checking for the MAC-address of the respondents.
If the MAC-address matches to that of your Pi, you have found it.

I have not tested it myself, but this library seems to have what you need for this purpose.
After finding a responsive ip-address via ping, it tries to resolve the corresponding MAC-address using the etharp_find_addr function.

This struct field is the reference to a 6 byte character array that you can use for comparing with the Raspberry Pi's MAC address:

response.DestMacAddress->addr

Update:
If you only want to find the IP address of the Raspberry Pi, using mDNS as suggested by @Majenko is the superior choice.
If you are looking for all devices in your LAN, as your title suggests, pinging makes more sense.

  • I had a Lib problem, now i fixed it and i really close to get the result. In the loop, i send all of the ip addresses that i want and the mac adresses are shown in pinger.OnEnd([](const PingerResponse& response) function. I wrote a function for convert response.DestMacAddress->addr to String. mac = mac2String(response.DestMacAddress->addr); I would like to have it on my setup function for create a list. But i can't. Could you please help me? – sistemofsis May 4 '19 at 15:52
  • I am sorry, but I cannot follow your explanation. I guess it would be best, if you ask a separate question on Stack Overflow for this programming issue. Then you can layout all your code, your results/error messages and what you expect from the program. Then feel free to link to this question. – oh.dae.su May 5 '19 at 9:29
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You should use mDNS. Install (if it isn't already) avahi-daemon on your Raspberry.

Then check out the ESP8266mDNS library and the examples it has. Especially the mDNS-SD_Extended example, which performs a query for a service on the network.

  • I need also some other devices' ips. That's why mDNS does't work. – sistemofsis May 4 '19 at 16:09
  • Make those use mDNS as well, then. Either that or redefine your expectations and requirements and embrace the static IP address. – Majenko May 4 '19 at 16:12

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