I'm trying to use an ATMega328 board to control a board of a broken UPS device. I replaced all the internals of the UPS by custom components, so the only things which remain are the chassis and the front board.
On this board, there are five buttons, and three LEDs.
All those components are connected to the ground, each one through its own resistor. By connecting the different pins to the ground and to analog pins of the ATMega328 board, I can successfully detect when the buttons are pressed.
Things, however, get tricky when I want to turn the LEDs on. They have their anode connected to the ground (through a 47Ω resistor), and their cathode connected to a dedicated pin. This means that if I apply voltage to this pin, the LED remains off.
The LED, however, turns on if I connect the ground to a 5V pin on ATMega328 board and the cathode pin to the ground of the ATMega328 board. However, connecting the ground to 5V makes it impossible to read the state of the buttons (or should I wire them somehow specifically?)
Therefore, how do I feed negative current from the ATMega328 board?
There is a similar question on this subject, but while the author wants to “understand the underlying electronics of the arduino and microcontrollers in general,” I, instead, just want to know how to make it work. Reading the answers from the linked question, I have an impression that this is possible, but they don't explain how to do it.