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I'm working on an ESP8266 thermostat that should be powered by the 24V AC from the furnace. I'm looking for a converter to 5V DC that would be small enough to fit in a smaller enclosure and not dissipate too much heat. Not fully sure about the current, but I'm planning for up to 500 mA for short periods of time. I found on ebay this, but it accepts input from 85V upwards. What would happen if I would feed 24V AC to it? Would it still work. Or alternatively doesn anyone have a link for something similar that would work with 24V?

closed as off-topic by Juraj, VE7JRO, MatsK, sempaiscuba, gre_gor Feb 15 at 6:08

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  • Search for "24vac to 5vdc converter" or "24v ac/dc 5v converter". Don't buy a cheap converter from ebay, that might damage your project. – Jot Feb 10 at 8:15
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Transformers for furnaces are typically Class 2 transformers, energy limited. Unloaded, or lightly loaded, they produce a significantly higher output voltage than the rated output voltage, 24 volts in this case. 28 volts is typical, and it may be higher during high line situation. The 24 volt rating is a loaded voltage, with a resistive load.

28rms x 1.4 = 39.2 volts

You should be using a regulator with a voltage rating of at least 40 volts, and that is really marginal.

https://www.aliexpress.com/item/1pcs-2018-new-dc-dc-converter-12V-24V-36V-48V-60V-72V-to-5V-0-5A/32922897633.html

The AC-DC converter you linked to would not work. It has a low voltage cutout. It also would not be able to provide the power if it was able to work at the lower voltage. The input current would be much higher than the normal input current at a normal line voltage.

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24VAC rectified with a full diode bridge rectifier (4 diodes) becomes 36VDC when smoothed with a cap, the datasheet indicates this part would be okay with that. You'd probably be okay as you're planning <500mA output most of the time.

https://www.digikey.com/product-detail/en/murata-power-solutions-inc/OKI-78SR-5-1.5-W36-C/811-2196-5-ND/2259781

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    How does 24VAC become 36 VDC when rectified? – Duncan C Feb 11 at 1:11
  • VDC = VAC * sqrt(2) or 1.41 under no load. 24*1,41 = 33.84V, so not quite 36V. The explanation behind it is here. – CrossRoads Feb 11 at 3:24
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    You say "here" but did not provide a link. I gather your talking about peak-to-peak voltage vs RMS voltage? Won't the voltage drop to 24 under any meaningful load? – Duncan C Feb 11 at 11:48
  • Lost the original link. Read this one bristolwatch.com/ele/basic_ac_rectification.htm Even with a drop, there will be plenty to make 5V unless you're really loading it down. Much better explanation here circuitstoday.com/full-wave-bridge-rectifier – CrossRoads Feb 15 at 13:26

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