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I have a NodeMCU where I connected a LED strip (WS2812b, which operates at 5V).

NodeMCU is powered via USB 5V. The used power adapter can supply 2.5A max.

I don't have a separate power supply for the LED strip yet, so I connected it to VIN/GND of the NodeMCU.

That worked.

Yesterday, I took the NodeMCU (without led strip) to my PC and uploaded an updated sketch. After that, back in the living room, I connected the NodeMCU with the led strip and the USB power supply. I didn't need an ambilight at the moment so I left it off. After 5 minutes, I smelled something burned. As you can see in the second image, the component below ground is burned.

I had this setup successful running for a week (with ambilight turned on for several hours) and had no issues at all.

Did I something fundamental wrong? Any guess, why it works flawless and then suddenly burned after just 5minutes?

Any tip/suggestion is very appreciated!

enter image description here

The white component on the right is a DHT22 temperature sensor and has been added for completeness.

enter image description here

The resistor and LED on the right are not used, they were just plugged in from a previous setup.

Best regards

Casper

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Yes, you did something fundamentally wrong.

The component that blew up is a diode. It is designed to protect the USB from voltage being injected into the board.

That diode can handle an absolute maximum of 1A.

Any fault on your LED strip connection (a short to ground) will cause that diode to vacate the premises. As yours did.

The purpose of the VIN pin (as the label suggests) is as a voltage input. It's not really designed to provide power to other devices, especially as the ESP8266 itself can take more than half that 1A power budget when communicating. You should not use VIN for powering anything more than maybe a couple of low power sensors. LED strips are a big no-no.

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Something happened to me yesterday. I had made sure that the diode & regulator could handle the stress of 14 V ( this unit is installed in a voat).

The diode blew as soon as the ignition was turned on. However I noticed that the 10 uF. capacitor was still smoldering away. That should not have happened.

I removed both faulty components & tested the board. All OK! Replaced the diode and the capacitor with a 10uF/20VW diode and the board works fine with 14.4 V input (when battery is charging).

So, I reckon the prpblem is that the capacitor has insufficient voltage rating(6V?) and goes short circuit. The schotky diode will try and pass AMPS and it fails.

Solution replace the 10uF de-coupling capacitors with capacitors of known rating.

There is no real way of knowing what rating capacitors were used in the manufacture. Lee

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