I'm a begginer with Arduino and this may be a basic question but I'm facing an issue.

I'm using a HTU21D sensor with an ESP32. This sensor use I2C communication. Inside the Arduino library, there is this function to start to collect data:

//Start I2C communication
void HTU21D::begin(TwoWire &wirePort)
  _i2cPort = &wirePort; //Grab which port the user wants us to use


As you can see, we can set in this function which port we want to use. Perfect. But my probleme is that I don't know how to use the type TwoWire. I checked some documentation but I was still unable to find a solution. I want to use GPIO_16 as SDA and GPIO_17 as SCL. So I tried something like that without result: htu21d.begin(Wire(16, 17));

How to set SDA and SCL pin in TwoWire type ? (in my case GPIO_16 and GPIO_17)

  • 3
    did you try htu21d.begin(Wire);? Wire is an object, an instance of TwoWire class. it is defined in Wire.h at the end
    – Juraj
    Jul 18, 2018 at 19:01
  • But how do I tell Wire that I want to use pin 16 as SDA and pin 17 as SCL ?
    – Gazouu
    Jul 18, 2018 at 19:04
  • 2
    found this void TwoWire::begin(int sdaPin, int sclPin, uint32_t frequency) here github.com/espressif/arduino-esp32/blob/master/libraries/Wire/…
    – jsotola
    Jul 18, 2018 at 19:08
  • 2
    you call Wire.begin
    – Juraj
    Jul 18, 2018 at 19:08

2 Answers 2


I was able to resolve my issue thanks to Juraj comment. I did :

Wire.begin(16, 17);
  • worked for me too, thanks, Wire.begin(SDA, SCK); for ssd1306 library for oled .
    – alireza
    Jun 20, 2021 at 17:33
  • Some of the ESP32 pins do not support SPI. You can only use pins 11,12,13,18,23,24,25,26,29 and 30 as SDA or SCK. Oct 1, 2022 at 23:55

Here is the example of how you can change esp8266 i2c pins. I used it for my ESP8266 and bme280, but the same for Arduino and other sensors.

#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_Sensor.h>
#include <Adafruit_BME280.h>

void setup() {
  Wire.pins(12,2); //new SDA SCL pins (D6 and D4 for esp8266)


  bme.begin(0x76, &Wire); //here is the address for my bme280 and instance of TwoWire object

For my ESP8266 I tried to use GPIO0 for SDA and GPIO2 for SCL, but no luck. Probably because GPIO0 is a Flash pin. Changing SDA to GPIO12 (or D6 pin) helped me.

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