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I am have circuit with Arduino NANO and I need to control air valve, which is powered with 12 Volts and 0.8 Amper. Problem is that Arduino NANO is powered with 5 volts. I want to use transistor to achieve it. Which one the best option in this case ?

Thank you for help

PS: I need ON/OFF states only.

PSS: I want to use transistor, not relay, because transistors are quicker.

closed as off-topic by per1234, Greenonline, sempaiscuba, gre_gor, MatsK Jul 17 '18 at 17:49

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

  • "This question does not appear to be about Arduino, within the scope defined in the help center." – per1234, Greenonline, sempaiscuba, gre_gor, MatsK
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    a transistor or a relay – jsotola Jul 15 '18 at 20:25
  • @jsotola Thank you for this comment. I have added this information to the question it self. – Jan Černý Jul 15 '18 at 20:27
  • the valve is a solenoid (also similar to a motor) ... there are many examples on the web that show you how to drive a solenoid or a motor .... here is one arduino.stackexchange.com/questions/17022/… – jsotola Jul 15 '18 at 20:43
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    With the given specs, that's still a wide range. For a beginner I assume you want a discrete transistor (THT, through hole) , not an SMT (surface mounted) one. Next, you would choose between a NPN, PNP or MOSFET. Likely a MOSFET for the valve. – Thomas Weller Jul 15 '18 at 20:48
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If you look for "transistor" using the search box on this website, you'll find hundreds of results.

Here are a few examples that will answer your question.

Using a MOSFET

Using a TIP120 Transistor

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