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I am in between of project where i am getting string like "hello world" via Bluetooth to arduino I want to list this string into individual character so that I can call any of the character when required, this is not working i am getting only zeros in serial monitor please suggest what i am doing wrong

char s;
int k[10];

void setup () {
  Serial.begin(9600);
}
void loop () {
  if (Serial.available() > 0) {
    s = Serial.read();
  }
  k[10] = s;
  for (int x = 0; x < 10; x++) {
    Serial.println(k[x]);
    delay(200);
  }
}
1

There are a few problems with your code sample:


You check for Serial.available()>0, but then assume/grab only one character:

if (Serial.available() > 0) {
  s = Serial.read();
}

It is possible that the serial receive buffer has more than one byte waiting, but you only capture one.


k[10] = s;

You assign the captured character to the last element of the byte array, regardless of all else. This presents two main problems

  1. A C-style string must be terminated with a null character ('\0'), and you have immediately put real data in the position that should contain the terminating byte.
  2. There is no possible way that bytes 0-9 can ever have any data written to them by this code.

Your code assumes that the entire string exists in k[] every time through loop(). Instead, you should assume that it might take hundreds or thousands of times through loop() just to finish receiving your string. The input string should have some kind of end-of-string marker like a newline ('\n') or carriage-return ('\r') (or both) so that your program can look for that and know when the input is fully received.

Below is a simple program that receives a string. Note that it has a portion labeled for when to process the recieved data. That block of code is only entered once a newline and/or carriage return are received.

#DEFINE MAX_INPUT 90

char inputBuffer[MAX_INPUT+1]; // Handles up to 90 bytes in a c-style string, with a null character termination.

void setup() 
{
  Serial.begin(115200); // initialization
  inputBuffer[0] = '\0'; //Initialize string to emtpy.
  Serial.println("Begin:");
}

void loop() {

  if (Serial.available()>0)
  {
    char input = Serial.read();
    static int s_len; // static variables default to 0
    if (s_len>=MAX_INPUT) {
      // Have received already the maximum number of characters
      // Ignore all new input until line termination occurs
    } else if (input != '\n' && input != '\r') {
      inputBuffer[s_len++] = input;
    } else {
      // Have received a LF or CR character

      // INSERT YOUR CODE HERE TO PROCESS THE RECEIVED DATA //
      // YOU COULD COPY TO A NEW VARIABLE WITH strncpy() OR //
      // SET A FLAG TO SAY TO START SOME OTHER TASK         //
      Serial.print("RECEIVED MSG: ");
      Serial.println(inputBuffer);

      memset(inputBuffer, 0, sizeof(inputBuffer));
      s_len = 0;             // Reset input buffer here if you
                             // have already copied the data.
                             // If you don't reset here, then
                             // you can't start receiving more
                             // serial port data. This is your
                             // 'software' serial buffer, contrast
                             // with the hardware serial buffer.
    }
  }
}
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