I have an Anduino Uno R1 and the ATmega8U2 on. It does not respond correctly. How can I use another Arduino Uno R3 in order to reinstall the correct firmware? What I want to avoid it to solder the resistor because I am not very good with the soldering iron.
As fas as I understand there are some pins close to the AREF pin that can be used in order to attach a programmer. Also how can I temporally attach them without the need of a soldering iron? On the R1 the pins are just some exposed metal. How can I connect to them?
Also, if I load into the other Arduino the programmer, then how can I load the firmware using GNU/Linux into the ATmega8U2?