I have recently brought an arduino nano. It has only two ground pins but I needed three for my project. Is there a way to use a digital or analog pin as ground pin? Please show me how to do it

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    ground is only one. connect every ground wire to one ground pin – Juraj Mar 24 '18 at 14:55
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    Careful with using GPIOs as GND sinks.. An I/O pin can sink only so much current. For a GPIO bank, 100mA max, one pin recommended 20mA (playground.arduino.cc/Main/ArduinoPinCurrentLimitations). I would connect directly to the main GND (from the power supply). Solder a few more wires if you have to. – Maximilian Gerhardt Mar 24 '18 at 15:10

There is no need to separate grounds, you can connect all grounds together. In fact they are connected together on the board itself.


If your project is on a breadboard, you can use one of the "rails", typically the blue longways row at either edge of the breadboard, to collect all of the necessary grounds, and wire that to one Ground pin on the Arduino.

If you're building a printed circuit board to connect to the Arduino, do the same thing - collect all of the PCB grounds together and wire that to one Arduino Ground pin.

If you're using a manufactured shield, you may have to get creative about collecting your grounds. A tiny breadboard is one way. Another is to solder a number of wires together in star-formation, insulate the solder joint with tape or shrink-tube, and connect one of the star's points to the Arduino ground.

If some of your devices needing grounds are low-current devices such as LEDs, you could set an unused pin to OUTPUT mode, and LOW, and use it as a ground, but the device must not be passing more current than an Arduino pin driver can sink. From Atmel's data sheet for the AtMega328p (used in the Uno):

Although each I/O port can sink more than the test conditions (20mA at VCC = 5V, 10mA at VCC = 3V) under steady state conditions (non-transient), the following must be observed:

ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P: 1] The sum of all IOL, for ports C0 - C5, ADC7, ADC6 should not exceed 100mA.

2] The sum of all IOL, for ports B0 - B5, D5 - D7, XTAL1, XTAL2 should not exceed 100mA.

3] The sum of all IOL, for ports D0 - D4, RESET should not exceed 100mA.

If IOL exceeds the test condition, VOL may exceed the related specification. Pins are not guaranteed to sink current greater than the listed test condition.

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