Tried to upload my Arduino Uno sketch that writes to serial UART at 9600 baud rate onto my ATtiny2313 running at 1MHz. Not getting the signal on the ATtiny, does this have to do with my clock frequency of the MCUs being 16 vs 1MHz?
Yes, it does. As can be seen in the "USART" section of the datasheet the baud rate is generated directly from both fosc (aka
FCPU) and the value contained in UBRR. The tables at the end of the section gives the appropriate value for UBRR for a given CPU frequency, desired bit rate, and state of the USART clock doubler.