I'm working on some software using an Uno (ATmega328P). I have a stage byte that can be 1 of 5 values (0-4) in my code and it will increase by 1 every 2.5 hours. If I lose power I need to ensure that on wake up the stage is the same as it was at the time of power loss, so each time the stage is updated I save it to EEPROM.
To ensure the EEPROM lasts as long as possible I want to write some code that uses more than a single byte which I continually erase and write to. I was wondering if there is any library to do this or if my idea below would work?
I currently don't need to use the EEPROM for anything else so to extend the EEPROM life I was going to section of 1 quarter of it (0-255 bytes) for saving this value. Each time I change the stage I will write 3 bytes to EEPROM which will be:
- An index byte (used to shift addresses I write to).
- A stage byte (the stage I need to store).
- A count byte (the amount of times I have wrote the stage at the current index).
To begin with the index will be written to byte 0 in the EEPROM, the stage to byte 1 and the count to byte 2.
My plan is to allow the stage to be written to byte 1 250 times, then clear the count and shift the index to 3. This will in turn move the bytes that the stage and count are being written to to 4 and 5. I will do this until the index reaches the end of the 255 bytes and then return the index to 0. So in total I should be able to shift 85 times.
Each byte has 100,000 erase/write cycles so this means I can pass through bytes 0-255 400 times, writing the stage 250 times each pass. So instead of having 100K writes I would have about 8.5 million writes.
This is my first idea and I realize there is also some waste in the way I do it. I haven't worked with EEPROM much and I was just hoping for some advice as I'm sure I could be going at this completely wrong.