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I have simple code. The library downloaded from github:smarmengol/Modbus-Master-Slave-for-Arduino.

I wanted to store floating point. In the code blow, I type casted to integer value. As I know uint16_t au16data[30]; is integer

#include <avr/wdt.h>
#include"glob.h"


#define ID   1
int8_t state = 0;
Modbus slave(ID, 0, 0);
unsigned long tempus;
// data array for modbus network sharing
uint16_t au16data[30];

void Take_Reading()
{
  for(row=0;row<9;row++)
  {
  int k=(8*array[row][0]+4*array[row][1]+2*array[row][2]+1*array[row][3]);
    digitalWrite(Enablepin,array[row][0]);
    digitalWrite(SO_enable,array[row][1]);
    digitalWrite(S1_enable,array[row][2]);
    digitalWrite(S2_enable,array[row][3]); 
   //delay(100); 
    Sensor_Value0=analogRead(A0);
    Sensor_Value1=analogRead(A5);
   Mux1_array[row]=(Sensor_Value0 * ARDUINO_ANALOG_SCALING);
   Mux2_array[row]=(Sensor_Value1 * ARDUINO_ANALOG_SCALING);

   Current_Value1[row]=  (Mux1_array[row]*40)-98;
   Current_Value2[row]=  (Mux2_array[row]*40)-98;


  }
}


void setup()
{
     wdt_enable(WDTO_8S);
   slave.begin( 9600 );
  tempus = millis() + 100;
  pinMode(3,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(SO_enable, OUTPUT) ;// pin can enable/disable using digital IO 7 of arduino
  pinMode(S1_enable, OUTPUT) ;// pin can enable/disable using digital IO 6 of arduino
  pinMode(S2_enable, OUTPUT) ;// pin can enable/disable using digital IO 5 of arduino
  pinMode(Enablepin, OUTPUT) ;// pin can enable/disable using digital IO 4 of arduino
  pinMode(A0, INPUT) ;
  pinMode(A5, INPUT) ;

//  Serial.begin(9600);
}


void loop()
{
  digitalWrite(3,HIGH);
// wdt_reset();
 Take_Reading(); 
 state = slave.poll( au16data,30 );
  if (state > 4) {
    tempus = millis() + 50;
    digitalWrite(13, HIGH);
  }
  if (millis() > tempus) digitalWrite(13, LOW );

Modbus_call();

}




void Modbus_call()
{

/*reading of coil where i can succefully read value*/
  au16data[0]=(int)Current_Value1[0];
  au16data[1]=(int)Current_Value1[1];
  au16data[2]=(int)Current_Value1[2];
  au16data[3]=(int)Current_Value1[3];
  au16data[4]=(int)Current_Value1[4];
  au16data[5]=(int)Current_Value1[5];
  au16data[6]=(int)Current_Value1[6];
  au16data[7]=(int)Current_Value1[7];
  au16data[8]=(int)Current_Value1[8]; 
  au16data[9]=(int)Current_Value2[0];
  au16data[10]=(int)Current_Value2[1];  
  au16data[11]=(int)Current_Value2[2];
  au16data[12]=(int)Current_Value2[3];
  au16data[16]=(int)Current_Value2[4];
   au16data[17]=(int)Current_Value2[5];
   au16data[18]=(int)Current_Value2[6];
   au16data[19]=(int)Current_Value2[7];
 uint16_t calcCRC( au16data[15]);
     au16data[13] = slave.getInCnt();
  au16data[14] = slave.getOutCnt();
  au16data[15] = slave.getErrCnt(); 

 }

Conversion method as below.

CS=30.10
Int_CS=int(CS)
FLOAT_CS=(Int_CS-CS)*100

How to store the Int_CS & FLOAT_CS values in au16data[0]??


I have change code accordingly.

Output file

But I get zero. After some time its values don't even show

#include <avr/wdt.h>
#include"glob.h"


#define ID   1
int8_t state = 0;
Modbus slave(ID, 0, 0);
unsigned long tempus;
// data array for modbus network sharing
uint16_t au16data[5];
float auFloatData[30];
void Take_Reading()
{
  for(row=0;row<9;row++)
  {
  int k=(8*array[row][0]+4*array[row][1]+2*array[row][2]+1*array[row][3]);
    digitalWrite(Enablepin,array[row][0]);
    digitalWrite(SO_enable,array[row][1]);
    digitalWrite(S1_enable,array[row][2]);
    digitalWrite(S2_enable,array[row][3]); 
   //delay(100); 
    Sensor_Value0=analogRead(A0);
    Sensor_Value1=analogRead(A5);
   Mux1_array[row]=(Sensor_Value0 * ARDUINO_ANALOG_SCALING);
   Mux2_array[row]=(Sensor_Value1 * ARDUINO_ANALOG_SCALING);

   Current_Value1[row]=  (Mux1_array[row]*40)-98;
   Current_Value2[row]=  (Mux2_array[row]*40)-98;


  }
}


void setup()
{
     wdt_enable(WDTO_8S);
   slave.begin( 9600 );
  tempus = millis() + 100;
  pinMode(3,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(SO_enable, OUTPUT) ;// pin can enable/disable using digital IO 7 of arduino
  pinMode(S1_enable, OUTPUT) ;// pin can enable/disable using digital IO 6 of arduino
  pinMode(S2_enable, OUTPUT) ;// pin can enable/disable using digital IO 5 of arduino
  pinMode(Enablepin, OUTPUT) ;// pin can enable/disable using digital IO 4 of arduino
  pinMode(A0, INPUT) ;
  pinMode(A5, INPUT) ;

//  Serial.begin(9600);
}


void loop()
{
  digitalWrite(3,HIGH);
// wdt_reset();
 Take_Reading(); 
 state = slave.poll( au16data,5 );
  if (state > 4) {
    tempus = millis() + 50;
    digitalWrite(13, HIGH);
  }
  if (millis() > tempus) digitalWrite(13, LOW );

Modbus_call();

}




void Modbus_call()
{

/*reading of coil where i can succefully read value*/
  auFloatData[20]=Current_Value1[0];
  auFloatData[21]=Current_Value1[1];
  auFloatData[22]=Current_Value1[3];
  auFloatData[4]=Current_Value1[4];
  auFloatData[5]=Current_Value1[5];
  auFloatData[6]=Current_Value1[6];
  auFloatData[7]=Current_Value1[7];
  auFloatData[8]=Current_Value1[8]; 
  auFloatData[9]=Current_Value2[0];
  auFloatData[10]=Current_Value2[1];  
  auFloatData[11]=Current_Value2[2];
  auFloatData[12]=Current_Value2[3];
  auFloatData[16]=Current_Value2[4];
   auFloatData[17]=Current_Value2[5];
   auFloatData[18]=Current_Value2[6];
   auFloatData[19]=Current_Value2[7];
uint16_t calcCRC( au16data[3]);
     au16data[1] = slave.getInCnt();
  au16data[2] = slave.getOutCnt();
  au16data[3] = slave.getErrCnt(); 

 }
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  • 1
    if you need 2 numbers after comma then you can uint16_t x =CS*100 it will store 3010. When extracting from uint to float float y = (float)x/100. – Martynas Oct 31 '14 at 6:35
1
  1. Sizes

Integer Types (int, long and long long)

Size of Boolean type is 1 byte(s)

Number of bits in a character: 8 Size of character types is 1 byte Signed char min: -128 max: 127 Unsigned char min: 0 max: 255 Default char is unsigned

Size of short int types is 2 bytes Signed short min: -32768 max: 32767 Unsigned short min: 0 max: 65535

Size of int types is 4 bytes Signed int min: -2147483648 max: 2147483647 Unsigned int min: 0 max: 4294967295

Size of long int types is 4 bytes Signed long min: -2147483648 max: 2147483647 Unsigned long min: 0 max: 4294967295

Size of long long types is 8 bytes Signed long long min: -9223372036854775808 max: 9223372036854775807 Unsigned long long min: 0 max: 18446744073709551615 Note that int and long are the same size and if you want a 64 bit integer then you need to use long long (or unsigned long long).

  1. What do you want to achieve with

.

CS=30.10 // 30.10
Int_CS=int(CS) // 30
FLOAT_CS = (Int_CS-CS)*100 //-10.00 because 30 - 30.10 = -0.1 and -0.1 * 100 = -10.00

CS is already float, why you want to convert it to int and back to float? If value of int is higher than 255 you have to save it in 2 bytes(highByte and lowByte), float is 32bit(4bytes) value.

I think you have to do like this:

float CS = 30.10;
au16data[0]= (int)(CS*100);//3010.00 > 3010

And for better way use :

float auFloatData[30]; // 
...
auFloatData[0]=Current_Value1[0];
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  • Minor correction: Default char is signed in gcc (compiler shipped with arduino). You can pass -funsigned-char compiler flag to have unsigned as default. – user2973 Oct 31 '14 at 9:20
  • @Martynas But i have already tried that.when then it zero at end it print only 301 not 3010. SO it will difficult to recognize .when it turns out 3 digit value. – AMPS Oct 31 '14 at 10:10
  • @AMPS What is the range of CS? – Martynas Oct 31 '14 at 10:23
  • it measure 0~25 A , for understanding i given example above. – AMPS Oct 31 '14 at 10:31
  • What accuracy do you need? – Martynas Oct 31 '14 at 10:34

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