0

I want to loop one specific case inside of my switch, until the button gets pressed a second time. How can i make this work?

Code:

const int ledrood = 9;
const int ledgroen = 10;
const int ledblauw = 11;
const int buttonPreset = 2;
const int buttonMix = 4;
float sensorWaarde = 0;
int switchtel = 1;

int roodval;
int groenval;
int blauwval;
int buttonState = LOW;

void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);
pinMode(ledrood, OUTPUT);
pinMode(ledgroen, OUTPUT);
pinMode(ledrood, OUTPUT);
pinMode(sensorWaarde, INPUT);
pinMode(buttonPreset, INPUT);
pinMode(buttonMix, INPUT);


}

void loop() {
int sensorWaarde = analogRead(A0); 
buttonState = digitalRead(buttonMix);
if (buttonState == HIGH) {

delay(200);
switch (switchtel) {
  case 1:
  roodval = 255;
  roodval = sensorWaarde / 4;

    groenval = 0;
    blauwval = 0;
    analogWrite( ledgroen, groenval );
    analogWrite( ledrood, roodval );
    analogWrite( ledblauw, blauwval);
    Serial.println(roodval);
    switchtel = switchtel + 1;
    break;

  case 2:

    roodval = 0; // cyaan
    groenval = 255;
    blauwval = 255;
    analogWrite( ledgroen, groenval );
    analogWrite( ledrood, roodval );
    analogWrite( ledblauw, blauwval);
    Serial.println("2");
    switchtel = switchtel + 1;
    break;


  case 3:

    roodval = 255; // magenta
    groenval = 0;
    blauwval = 255;
    analogWrite( ledgroen, groenval );
    analogWrite( ledrood, roodval );
    analogWrite( ledblauw, blauwval);
    Serial.println("3");
    switchtel = switchtel + 1;
    break;
    switch (switchtel) {

    }
   }
 }
}
1

You need to split your cases into multiple parts.

For example, you have a case which sets up a mode, and a case that runs a mode, and if needed a case that finishes a mode.

For example:

switch (mode) {
    case 0: // Idle
        break;
    case 1: // Start - do whatever to set up the mode here
        redValue = 100;
        greenvalue = 200;
        mode = 2; // Switch to the next case
        break;
    case 2: // Run - this is the bit that repeats
        if (digitalRead(3) == HIGH) {
            mode = 3; // Finish it
        }
        // Do whatever for each loop here.
        break;
    case 3: // It is finished.
        redValue = 0;
        greenValue = 0; 
        // etc.
        mode = 0; // Or whatever you want to do next
        break;
}

The key thing here is that case 1 is equivalent to a mini setup() and case 2 is equivalent to a mini loop(). You switch to case 1, which does the setup, and that case then switches to case 2, which it stays at until you tell it otherwise. That case will keep getting executed until you tell it to move to another case.

0

I want to loop one specific case inside of my switch, until the button gets pressed a second time. How can i make this work?

not sure why it needs to be anything more complicated than this:

  if (isPressed2x(btn)) do_something(); //if button is pressed twich, execute do_someting()

there are lots of ways to implement isPressed2x(). the simplest would be to use a static variable to keep track of it:

char isPressed2x(uint8_t btn) {
  static char cnt=0; //button press counter
  if (isPressed(btn)) {  //button is pressed
    cnt+=1; //increment counter
    if ((cnt&0x01) == 0) return 1; //button has been pressed twich
  }
  return 0; //button not pressed, or not pressed twice
}

similarly, isPressed(btn) can be implemented, with or without debouncing.

the key is to break down any task into small, simple and well defined blocks so when re-assembled together, those small, simple and well defined blocks can perform tasks as complicated as you wish them to be.

the alternative is to jumbo all of them into one routine, making it hard to understand, hard to debug and hard to port.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.