I am a web developer and I am struggling with C code on Arduino. So this is What I have:

I have a backend written on PHP that returns a 0 or 1 depending of wether a pin should be high or low. I have an Arduino UNO with a W5100 Ethernet shield mounted, and I'm currently connecting correctly to my server, this is my Arduino code:

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

// Enter a MAC address for your controller below.
// Newer Ethernet shields have a MAC address printed on a sticker on the shield
byte mac[] = { 0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
// if you don't want to use DNS (and reduce your sketch size)
// use the numeric IP instead of the name for the server:
//IPAddress server(74,125,232,128);  // numeric IP for Google (no DNS)
char server[] = "www.api-qa1.enerzoo.com";    // name address for Google (using DNS)

// Set the static IP address to use if the DHCP fails to assign
IPAddress ip(192, 168, 0, 177);

// Initialize the Ethernet client library
// with the IP address and port of the server
// that you want to connect to (port 80 is default for HTTP):
EthernetClient client;

void setup() {
  // Open serial communications and wait for port to open:
  while (!Serial) {
    ; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for native USB port only

  // start the Ethernet connection:
  if (Ethernet.begin(mac) == 0) {
    Serial.println("Failed to configure Ethernet using DHCP");
    // try to congifure using IP address instead of DHCP:
    Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  // give the Ethernet shield a second to initialize:

  // if you get a connection, report back via serial:
  if (client.connect(server, 80)) {
    // Make a HTTP request:
    client.println("GET /api/DeviceState/1 HTTP/1.1");
    client.println("Host: www.api-qa1.enerzoo.com");
    client.println("Connection: close");
  } else {
    // if you didn't get a connection to the server:
    Serial.println("connection failed");

void loop() {
  // if there are incoming bytes available
  // from the server, read them and print them:
  if (client.available()) {
    char c = client.read();

  // if the server's disconnected, stop the client:
  if (!client.connected()) {

    // do nothing forevermore:
    while (true);

And this is the response it outputs:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.10.3 (Ubuntu)
Content-Type: application/json
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Connection: close
Vary: Accept-Encoding
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Access-Control-Allow-Methods: GET, PUT, POST, DELETE, OPTIONS
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Content-Type, Access-Control-Allow-Headers, Authorization, X-Requested-With
Cache-Control: no-cache
Date: Fri, 17 Nov 2017 23:36:14 GMT
Set-Cookie: laravel_session=eyJpdiI6ImIzTDJzQk1BUm1qY1BuZ1BJXC83Mk5BPT0iLCJ2YWx1ZSI6IlwvNjlmXC9FZWxDSW9vbGNcL1JZUU5tbTFvOVVXVjcxV0hHaDRKUzVGVVZCSmFCM1BcLzlSR2x5MmN4cnZ1ZHRvZmlcLzNSUWMrZEFDMTQzR05ORTk5R3dBUGc9PSIsIm1hYyI6IjM4ZjVhY2IxOWVmZTMzMGY2OGE1MTNmZWY0NzczNGVhNWJhZjVkYzlkYzY4ODg3ZGI0OWVhNDYwOTkwYjgxYTAifQ%3D%3D; expires=Sat, 18-Nov-2017 01:36:14 GMT; Max-Age=7200; path=/; HttpOnly



I need to get that zero that is enclosed between the double pipes


Any help would be really appreciated

closed as too broad by gre_gor, user31481, MatsK, jose can u c, KIIV Nov 23 '17 at 16:39

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • Don't web developer learn about "substring" function? I bet even PHP have something like that. – user31481 Nov 18 '17 at 6:27

You can send json format instead of pipes enclosed and parse the value. Else use regex expression to match ||0|| or ||1|| .


This is how I solved it. I avoided using regex expressions and "complex" functions such as substring in order to save memory. I just detected two consecutive pipes and get the next character (in this case 0 or 1) using a counter. Since I need to continuously be checking the status of the device, I reset the counter to 0 once I get the current state.

  if (client.available()) {
    char c = client.read();
    if(c == '|' || counter == 2){
      if(counter == 3){
        counter = 0;
      if(c == '1' || c == '0'){

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