I had seen some tutorials on how to assemble an Arduino on a breadboard. They all just place the external crystal oscillator according to the circuit and then, just burn the bootloader and it starts working. According to my little knowledge the fuse bits have to be set before using the external clock.
My question is - How does the microcontroller know which clock to use internal or external? Is there any setting already in the bootloader that tells the microcontroller to use the external clock?