1

I was having some problems on a project, so to test my Arduino, I wrote the following program to check things. When I start the serial monitor, the value of i is 1, but after I start sending numbers, they change into ASCII. Why?

int i = 1;
void setup(){
  Serial.begin(9600);
}
void loop(){
  Serial.println(i);
  if(Serial.available()){
    i = Serial.read();
  }
}
5

When you send the character 1, Serial.read() returns the integer 49.
Serial.println(i) then sends the characters 4, 9, carriage return and a newline.

If you want to get back the same characters that you sent, change the type of i to char.

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