I am working on a project with LED strips that would consume 12V and 20A. The problem is that the household wall outlet limitation is 15A, and 20A current draw would potentially start a fire. I have been searching for tutorials of large current LED project, and none of them really addresses the current draw problem.

I found an adequate power supply. It is Meanwell RSP-320-12. http://www.mouser.com/ProductDetail/Mean-Well/RSP-320-12/?qs=Uzd%2Fwh%252bZzhBChmc2p7rgKQ%3D%3D.

How can I make it work with a 15A wall outlet limitation?

Thanks in advance!

  • When you say 15V in your last sentence, do you actually mean 15A? – sa_leinad Oct 3 '17 at 16:11
  • only if you used a linear power supply, which nobody uses for hi-power LEDs... – dandavis Oct 3 '17 at 19:12

Drawing 20A on 12V means 240W which on 110V is 1A and a bit (a bit more once you consider efficiency of the conversion).

The spec sheet of the power supply you linked says that it will draw 2.7A max on a 115V input.

The power supply will convert the high voltage low amps into low voltage high amps.

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The power outlet is either 110V AC or 230/240V AC. Ignoring modern Switch-mode power supplies, to convert the power outlet voltage down to 12V, you first need to step down the voltage (using a transformer) and then rectify the AC voltage to DC voltage.

Working backwards, to get 12V DC you need: 12 x square_root(2) = 16.97 V AC.

A transformer can step down AC voltage. For example it can step down 110V AC down to 16.97 V AC.

The formula for an ideal transformer is:

V x i (primary side) = V x i (secondary side)

And using this to find the current draw on the primary side:

110 x i (primary side) = 16.97 x 20 (secondary side)

i (primary side) = 16.97 x 20 / 110

i (primary side) = 3.08 A

So if you have an outlet that provides 110 V AC then an ideal AC-DC converter would draw 3.08 A.

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  • 12Vp-p is 8.485Vrms, not 16.97Vrms. You need to divide, not multiply. – Majenko Oct 3 '17 at 21:08
  • @Majenko you are correct for a bridge rectifier circuit, however my calculations are correct for a full wave rectifier. sowter.co.uk/rectifier-transformer-calculation.php – sa_leinad Oct 4 '17 at 0:33
  • People still use those...? For that matter, people still use transformers...?! – Majenko Oct 4 '17 at 8:14

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