Is here some easy way to control bipolar motor without using any other external devices, drivers or shields? I have small motor from CD-ROM so I expect it's low voltage. By control I mean just turning clockwise and anti-clockwise and speed. I'm looking for easy to make circuit not just direct control from Arduino.
No. You cannot directly drive any bare motor directly from an Arduino without any external components. To do so will damage the Arduino.
You need a motor driver (or at least some transistors and diodes etc) to control the motor.
Taking a guess here, the current this motor requires will be exceeding the safe operation limits of the Arduino's GPIO pins. Furthermore without a flyback diode the voltage spike across the motor (an inductive load) when the current is reduced/switched off might kill the GPIO pin.
You will need a motor driver or transistor with flyback diodes to operate it.
This is a nice tutorial that has it sorted out for a CD ROM brushless motor.