The "problem" with the AMS1117 voltage regulator is the amount of current they can safely provide drops as the input voltage rises. I'm a Arduino noob, so I looked at the data sheet for the AMS1117 series of voltage regulators. There is a formula: PD=(VIN-VOUT)(IOUT) and Note 2: which says the maximum power dissipation for the SOT-223 package is 1.2 W.
The best case scenario is to use an input voltage of 6.5 volts. (6.5-5)(0.8)=1.2W. This gives you 0.8 amps maximum output. If you use a 12 volt power supply: (12-5)(0.1714)=1.2W. This only gives you 0.1714 amps maximum output.
I'm not sure what kind of power jack you are using, so I'll give you an example of one that I used in a project. It says input 120VAC, output 12VDC, 200ma. The problem is, it actually puts out 20VDC open circuit with no load.
The data sheet gives a maximum input voltage of 15 volts but that would only provide a maximum of 120 mA output.