I have my Arduino Uno connected to the PC via USB when prototyping. I am developing a thermometer with memory, using DS18B20 sensors.
When PC is shut down, there is no power on the USB and the Arduino is off. Sometimes, when my PC is turned off for several hours and then, when I turn it on, the Arduino is started, but it behaves "strange" - the program is showing buggy values on the display, looking like if there is some bug in the sketch. However, when I upload the sketch again, it works fine.
The buggy values are the averages for the run, computed simply by summing a float and dividing by int. What I see is e.g. instead of seeing something around 23.5 I see 85.1. The current values read from the sensor look OK (show 23.5 as expected), but I cannot tell for sure if perhaps some value read early might be wrong.
It is not easy to reproduce, I see it only sometimes, always when powering Arduino on after several hours without power.
My first idea is either the sketch got corrupted during the long power down, or variables are initialized wrong, and the sample sum / sample count is not zero.
However I though the sketches are uploaded into the Flash RAM, which should be non-volatile according to the docs. Is there something obvious I am missing, some explanation why is the sketch working differently after long power down?