AFAIK, that is a quirk built into the Arduino IDE. The best workaround I can think of is a file structure something like:
ArduinoWorkspace --- /myproj/ ----+ /src/ --------+ myproj.cpp
+ myproj.ino + sensor.h
+ (more files)
, where myproj.cpp just
#include's main.cpp. This should leave your project files "clean" such that they should work in a more typical environment as well.
I borrowed the name "main" from your question, but on reflection, "main" is a reserved name, specifically, every C or C++ program has a main.c or main.cpp as its top level code, provided by the system if you don't provide one. So I avoided using that as the folder- and project-name (but feel free to try it) and I've updated the diagram. What you do need is a project folder and a .ino file within it, of the same name. The .ino file could
, e.g., your top level code file, thus pulling everything else. You may need for your .ino to
#include each of the files in the
src folder, if it the compiler doesn't figure out on its own, that that's where your other files are.
BTW, if you do use the name main.cpp for your top file, it will have to call the setup() and loop() functions (and serial event function, if you use that). It's probably best to leave the name 'main' alone, let the system provide the same main every Arduino program gets by default, and write your project code the typical Arduino way -- starting with setup() and loop().