On the Arduino Serial.print() method web page it says:
Prints data to the serial port as human-readable ASCII text.
...which is suitable for most terminal programs. ASCII or American Standard Code for Information Interchange is (usually) an 8 bit code for printing characters. It is not a code which you can do normal math with. That is the integer 1 (which is, in binary, b00000001) is not the same as the character '1' (which is, in binary, b00110001).
Now, you have to understand that the Arduino paradigm is to make programming simple. So the print method in the Serial class will assume you want to see the characters "123" on the terminal. So, guessing, the print method will convert each decimal number into an ASCII character and print them out as 3 values to the terminal. That is, the ASCII value for 1, followed by the ASCII value for 2 finally followed by the ASCII value for 3.
If this is not what you want there are other variations for the print method in the Arduino Serial class. But all tend to print using ASCII codes.
If you want to print out the binary values, see the Serial.write() method. This method will send the value of the argument to the terminal with out converting into ASCII code.
...as 49 is the decimal equivalent of the ASCII code for the character '1'.