3

i am trying to Turn an LED from a hosted website, though Arduino using the CC3000 wifi shield. It is working as it should. but i have to questions about optimising my code :

1) the Part where i parse my JSON is kind of sloppy, what is the right way to Parse the code so i can turn the LED on and off when clicking on the website buttons ?

2) i need to keep the arduino connected to the website, so i can always control the LED. Do i need to close the connection at the end ? if so, how can i activate the connection only when clicking the button on the website to active the LED.

#include <ArduinoJson.h>

// Include Libraries
#include <Adafruit_CC3000.h>
#include <ccspi.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <string.h>

// Define Pins
#define ADAFRUIT_CC3000_IRQ   3 
#define ADAFRUIT_CC3000_VBAT  5
#define ADAFRUIT_CC3000_CS    10

// Define Variables
Adafruit_CC3000 cc3000 = Adafruit_CC3000(ADAFRUIT_CC3000_CS, ADAFRUIT_CC3000_IRQ, ADAFRUIT_CC3000_VBAT, SPI_CLOCK_DIVIDER);

#define WLAN_SSID       "MyWeb"
#define WLAN_PASS       ""
#define WLAN_SECURITY   WLAN_SEC_UNSEC // Security can be WLAN_SEC_UNSEC, WLAN_SEC_WEP, WLAN_SEC_WPA or WLAN_SEC_WPA2

uint8_t dhcpTimeout;

#define host "mygarden.comli.com" // Your domain
uint32_t ip;  
String path   = "/light.json";  
int port = 80;

int pin = 9;


void setup(void)
{
  Serial.begin(115200);
  delay(10);

  pinMode(pin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(pin, HIGH);

  // Connect to Wifi
  cc3000.begin();
  Serial.println(F("Initialising the CC3000"));
  if (!cc3000.begin())
  {
    Serial.println(F("Unable to initialise the CC3000! Check your wiring?"));
    while(1);
  }

  /* Delete any old connection data on the module */
  Serial.println(F("Deleting old connection profiles"));
  if (!cc3000.deleteProfiles()) {
    Serial.println(F("Failed!"));
    while(1);
  }

  // Connect to Network
  beginning:
  Serial.print(F("\nAttempting to connect to ")); Serial.println(WLAN_SSID);
  cc3000.connectToAP(WLAN_SSID, WLAN_PASS, WLAN_SECURITY);
  Serial.println(F("Connected"));


  //Wait for DHCP to complete
  Serial.println(F("Requesting DHCP"));
  while (!cc3000.checkDHCP()) {
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(F("."));
    dhcpTimeout ++;
    if (dhcpTimeout == 60) {
      Serial.println(F(""));
      Serial.println("DHCP Timeout! Attempting to reconnect.");
      dhcpTimeout = 0;
      goto beginning;
    }
  }
  Serial.println(F(""));
  Serial.println(F("DHCP complete"));

  //get website IP
  ip = 0;
  Serial.print(host); Serial.print(F(" -> "));
  while (ip == 0) {
    if (! cc3000.getHostByName(host, &ip)) {
      Serial.println(F("Couldn't resolve!"));
    }
    delay(500);
  }
  cc3000.printIPdotsRev(ip);
  Serial.println("");
}

void loop(void) {

  Adafruit_CC3000_Client client = cc3000.connectTCP(ip, 80);

  client.print(String("GET ") + path + " HTTP/1.1\r\n" + "Host: " + host + "\r\n" + "Connection: keep-alive\r\n\r\n");
  delay(500); // wait for server to respond 

  Serial.println(F("----------"));
   while (client.connected()) {
    String response = "";
    bool begin = false;
      while (client.available() || !begin) {
      char c = client.read();
      if (c == '{') {
        begin = true;
      }
      if (begin) response += (c);
      if (c == '"}') {
        break;
      }
      delay(1);      

      }
      int start = response.indexOf("light\":\"") + 12;
      int end = start + 3;
      String LED_Control = response.substring(start, end);

      if (LED_Control == "onn") {
        digitalWrite(pin, HIGH); 
        Serial.println("LED ON");
      }
      else if (LED_Control == "off"){
        digitalWrite(pin, LOW);
        Serial.println("led OFF");
      }

   }

  delay(1000);
  Serial.println(F("\n\nClosing the connection"));
  client.close();
  cc3000.disconnect();

}

And this is my JSON output

{"light": "off"}
  • Did you try the "ArduinoJson library on Github" ? – J. Piquard Nov 29 '16 at 19:29
  • I did, but i had difficulty implementing it in my exemple. – mounim Nov 29 '16 at 20:45
  • Is response equal to your json {"light": "off"} ? – J. Piquard Nov 29 '16 at 20:56
  • @mounim Thanks buddy for asking this question. I have the same problem and finally solved it by reading this. – Hasan Jun 24 '17 at 7:48
3

Assuming that String response will contain the json {"light": "off"} and your program is ready to use the ArduinoJson library (#include <ArduinoJson.h> on top), a simple solution could be:

Step1 - declare and initialize StaticJsonBuffer object.

StaticJsonBuffer<80> jsonBuffer;

Step2 - deserialize the json from response.

JsonObject& root = jsonBuffer.parseObject(response);

Step3 - if the deserialization doesn't succeed, warn and break,

if (!root.success())
{
  Serial.print("parseObject(");
  Serial.print(response);
  Serial.println(") failed");
  break;
}

Step4 - otherwise, use json object to get the LED_Control.

Is the json will really contain {"light": "onn"} or is a typo ?

String LED_Control = root["light"];

if (LED_Control == "onn") {  // 'on' or 'onn' ??
    digitalWrite(pin, HIGH);
    Serial.println("LED ON");
}
else if (LED_Control == "off"){
    digitalWrite(pin, LOW);
    Serial.println("led OFF");
}
  • That made alot of sens, thanks .... it ment to be "on" :) – mounim Nov 30 '16 at 17:33
  • Thank you so much for this answer. Finally, I'm able to parse my JSON data successfully. – Hasan Jun 24 '17 at 7:46
0

If the response from the web server is just a boolean value, the 'right' way would IMHO be to return e.g. just a 0 and 1 instead of JSON encoded data. That saves you from parsing JSON on the Arduino completely. Instead you can simply read one character of the response and check for '0' or '1'.

HTTP is a request-response based protocol and not suitable for staying connected to the server. If you need immediate reaction from the Arduino to server-side changes and your web server supports WebSockets, you could use any of the WebSocket libraries for the Arduino. Otherwise, you can use HTTP and poll the web server at a set interval to get the current value of the switch. And if you don't implement HTTP keep-alive, you will have to close the TCP connection and make a new connection for each HTTP request.

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