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Some days ago i started a thread. concatenation of non constant character array with a sting

I have a different question but on the same nature (string and chars)

what i want is one variable (string or char) that will hold a standard text and the value of gps coordinates latitude and longitude

The format is this: "latitude/longitude: 30.111111 20.111111"

What i have is a char that holds the standard text and the latitude: "Latitude/Longitude: 30.111111"

I also have another char that holds the second value (longitude)

The chars were generated with dtostrf():

char clat[10 + 20 + 1] = "Latitude/Longitude: ";
char clng[10 + 1];
dtostrf(gps.location.lat(), 10, 6, clat+20);
dtostrf(gps.location.lng(), 10, 6, clng);

I can also make the chars strings:

string1 = String(clat);

What have i tried: 1.Assigning clng to clat directly via dtostrf()

char clat[10 + 20 + 10 + 1] = "Latitude/Longitude: ";
dtostrf(gps.location.lng(), 10, 6, clng+31);

It didnt work and got unexpected output

  1. making clat a string and assign clng via for loop

    string1 = String(clat); for (int i=0; i<10; i++) string1[i+32]=clng[i];

This doesnt append it

I run out of ideas here. Any help from more experienced guys?

1

solved it. was simple actually. dont know how to do it with chars, but with strings there is the addition operator. So i converted both to string and used the + operator.

char clat[10 + 20 + 1] = "Latitude/Longitude: ";
char clng[10 + 1];
String string1, string2, finalstr;

and inside the loop:

dtostrf(gps.location.lat(), 10, 6, clat+20);
dtostrf(gps.location.lng(), 10, 6, clng);
string1 = String(clat);
string2 = String(clng);
finalstr = string1 + string2;

Maybe that was too much work? If you have any smarter alternatives, please provide!

1

One thing I noticed is you do not need the + in:

char clat[10 + 20 + 1] = "Latitude/Longitude: ";

You can just do this:

char clat[31] = "Latitude/Longitude: ";

A much simpler way to do this is this:

Variables to initialize:

char subfinal[40] = "Latitude/Longitude: ";
String final = ""; //You don't need this, you could always use `String(subfinal)` instead

The code inside a function:

dtostrf(gps.location.lat(), 10, 6, subfinal+10);
subfinal[29] = " ";
dtostrf(gps.location.lng(), 10, 6, subfinal+30);
final = String(subfinal);

I haven't tested it, so let me know if it doesn't work.

  • 1
    In C/C++, char clat[31] allocates 31 characters, not 32. The resulting elements are indexed 0 to 30 inclusive (i.e. there is no element 31). – Peter Bloomfield Jun 22 '14 at 21:57
  • @Peter Fixed that mistake.. – Anonymous Penguin Jun 22 '14 at 22:28
  • I think it was I who started expressing array lengths as sums in an earlier thread w/ this OP. It isn't necessary to do but it documents why I made the array that long. The final sum is all the compiler cares about but '30+1' reminds me that I've allowed for the NUL terminator in my count. Likewise, '10 + 10 + 1' says I'm counting two strings and the terminator. It just serves to remind me how I arrived at the size. – JRobert Jun 23 '14 at 13:15

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