I am software programmer and hobby farmer. While I was working on a hydroponic farming stuff, I had to use submersible pumps with timers. I don't want to buy timers that are actually a tedious scheduling process. so I am making one myself.
I want to toggle 230 V for turning a submersible pump(150-230 V and 18 W) ON/OFF. I read that Arduino may not able to supply enough input current that the relay requires. I am not sure about what transistor to use to amplify the input current. I came across a circuit diagram and a relay board. Do I still need to use a transistor and diode if I use this relay with an Arduino?
This is the two-channel relay I am about to use and the circuit is below.
Should I follow the circuit if I am using this relay? The relay has a tolerance of 250 V. What if the voltage fluctuates above 250 V? I am going to use a 9 V battery to power the Arduino. Feel free to explain anything that I may have to know.
Thanks marla for making it clear that I don't need diodes and transistors. Andy, as you said, I can't keep changing batteries often, and it will limit the system. Shall I use an adapter which reads output 5 V and 1 amperes? Will that drive the Arduino and be sufficient for both the relays?