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I want to build a simple voltage regulator 3.8-4.2V with atleast 2A Peak Current Capability for my GSM Shield (It doesn't have regulated power supply), I don't want variation or it may burn the board.

Using voltage divider won't help here as there can be variations. Somewhere i read LDO are for for this task but i am able to get only 3.3v regulator with 800mA supply.

Can i use 3.3v to power the same ?

  • What GSM shield? – Majenko Nov 20 '15 at 23:23
  • ISTM that the shield may be designed for being strapped to a Li-ion cell by including a regulator, which is why it has such an unusual input voltage range. – Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams Nov 21 '15 at 0:38
  • @Majenko ebay.in/itm/… This shield – m61566 Nov 21 '15 at 1:15
  • That is one of the worst listings I have come across. – Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams Nov 21 '15 at 1:24
  • any suggestion for small gsm module easily available ? – m61566 Nov 21 '15 at 2:07
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Consider using a buck converter for this. Search ebay for "buck converter" and you will see items like "Buck Converter Step-Down Adjustable Converter Power Module Regulator LM2596. That title indicates several things: the converter is adjustable, it steps voltage down, it's a regulator, and it's based on TI's LM2596 chip. It's rated at 2 A continuous, 3 A peak.

A buck converter has some advantages over a linear regulator:

  1. Lower dropout (in general), ie, the input voltage has to be at least as much as the output voltage, possibly plus a small margin for one FET loss, but doesn't have to have the 1.1 to 1.3 volt margin typical of an LDO regulator.

  2. Higher efficiency (in general). For example, 95% is not uncommon. (The ebay item mentioned above shows 92%.) A linear regulator, whether LDO or not, turns the input-to-output voltage difference into heat. A buck converter, on the other hand, uses an inductor and a capacitor to store energy; it refills the capacitor at a controlled rate via the inductor as often as necessary to deliver the required load. The inductor's DC resistance wastes energy, but that resistance can be kept small.

  3. Smaller parts due to high frequency switching operation. As operating frequency is increased the inductor can be made smaller. On the other hand, higher frequencies lead to higher switching losses, so there's a tradeoff. Note, some SOT3-sized (~1.4 mm x 2.9 mm) transistors eg NTR4503 are rated over 2 A at 25°C and might be usable as an output FET for a buck converter chip, and inductors and capacitors also are available in sizes probably as small as you are looking for, but buying them and building your own converter is unlikely to be cost effective.

  • Seems a fit for me, I want small circuit, a SMD will do, Any other alternative ? – m61566 Nov 21 '15 at 1:22
  • Many buck regulators are built mostly or entirely with SMD components, but ones meeting your power need won't be tiny. – Chris Stratton Nov 21 '15 at 2:25
  • Is there any stepup buck converter, i searched but i am getting up and down combined, I tested device using arduino 3.3v supply, device powered up but no response, I guess arduino cannot deliver enough power. – m61566 Nov 21 '15 at 2:39
  • No, "stepup buck converter" is a contradiction in terms. Look for "boost converter". Boost converter efficiency from a low voltage input often is low. – James Waldby - jwpat7 Nov 21 '15 at 2:40
  • aha...Thank you...And thank you for explanation, it made things more clear. – m61566 Nov 21 '15 at 2:42
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I planned to use 3.7v LIPO battery

That's what your SIM800 module is intended to be directly powered by, without any intervening boost or buck converter.

Behind all the misdirection of a title that doesn't describe what you are actually trying to do, your question is an exercise in going around in a circle right back to where you started. Don't try to convert energy from the lithium cell to some other voltage and then from there to the allowed input range of the SIM800 (which is very intentionally that of a single lithium cell), rather use the parts as they were intended to be used.

i guess it has current 800mA..

No, it has a capacity of 800 milliamp hours, not 800 milliamps.

A phone or RC model type lithium cell you would find today would have a "C" rating of 10 or better, but even if we assumed one of only 5, that would predict that your cell should be expected to be able to support pulse loads of 5 times the one-hour draw rate, which would be .8 * 5 = 4 amps.

  • Thanks for comment, I will give it a direct try, At my place its really hard to get components, i had to wait for 10-15 days for component to be shipped, This is why i didn't try... Somewhere i read that it doesn't operate properly at voltage < 4v. I will give it a try and update. – m61566 Nov 21 '15 at 5:43
  • I've updated the title. – m61566 Nov 21 '15 at 5:44
  • Your title is still wrong, as you've admitted hours ago that your source is not 5v. – Chris Stratton Nov 21 '15 at 5:55
  • Ah..Currently i am testing using 5v source...So... – m61566 Nov 21 '15 at 5:57
  • Don't do that. It's a completely different problem. – Chris Stratton Nov 21 '15 at 6:02

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