I made a sketch, but then I lost it. However, I uploaded it to the Arduino before losing it. Is there any way I can get it back?
It should be possible as long as the security bit isn't set. This question was asked on EE a while back.
But you won't get the Arduino code you wrote back. The code is compiled into assembly and you'll have to convert that back to C yourself.
This answer doesn't directly answer the question, but still will result in the same end result.
The Arduino IDE uses temporary directories to store build files, including the original sketch as well as the HEX and intermediate files.
On a Mac, these are in /var/folders by default, and on a Windows machine they are in …\Local Settings\Temp\ (which depending on the version of Windows could be in several places).
I've found that especially in Windows, these build files don't get deleted when you close the sketch or IDE, so they may exist on your machine for far longer than you would think.
Also, by default, Crashplan, Backblaze and Time Machine back-up these locations, so even if they have been deleted, they may still be in a backup.
The advantage here is that you will recover C code rather than ASM.
I think there is another way to do this, without extracting the code from the Arduino board. Remenber the date you create the sketch, and look for it in C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Temp\ (For example : C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\Temp\untitled4390292704786567977.tmp\sketch_jan19a ). You could find your unsaved code unless it was deleted by some "freeing space program". Good luck!
Unless your objective is to simply copy the identical code to another device, the simple answer is: no
As has been pointed out in other answers, you can turn the hex code on the device back into assembler code.
For example (once you have copied the code from the device back onto your disk):
avr-objdump -j .sec1 -d -m avr5 yourFileHere.hex
Run on one of the bootloader files I get these results (in part):
00007e00 <.sec1>: 7e00: 11 24 eor r1, r1 7e02: 84 b7 in r24, 0x34 ; 52 7e04: 14 be out 0x34, r1 ; 52 7e06: 81 ff sbrs r24, 1 7e08: f0 d0 rcall .+480 ; 0x7fea 7e0a: 85 e0 ldi r24, 0x05 ; 5 7e0c: 80 93 81 00 sts 0x0081, r24 7e10: 82 e0 ldi r24, 0x02 ; 2 7e12: 80 93 c0 00 sts 0x00C0, r24 7e16: 88 e1 ldi r24, 0x18 ; 24 7e18: 80 93 c1 00 sts 0x00C1, r24 7e1c: 86 e0 ldi r24, 0x06 ; 6 7e1e: 80 93 c2 00 sts 0x00C2, r24 7e22: 80 e1 ldi r24, 0x10 ; 16 7e24: 80 93 c4 00 sts 0x00C4, r24 7e28: 8e e0 ldi r24, 0x0E ; 14 7e2a: c9 d0 rcall .+402 ; 0x7fbe 7e2c: 25 9a sbi 0x04, 5 ; 4
As you can see, not particularly helpful for reproducing what your sketch did. There are likely to be one of two scenarios:
- Your sketch was short, in which case you might, after weeks of work, turn the assembler code back into C
- Your sketch was long, in which case it would be virtually impossible to turn it back into C
In the "short sketch" case, you are better off just rewriting from scratch. That would be faster, almost certainly. In the "long sketch" case - it just isn't worth it. None of the variable names are preserved, and the way the compiler optimizes code, even the structure of the code would be hard to determine.