Arduino UNO is 5V, 16 MHz.
USB 1.1 Low Speed spec operate:
- at 5V level - so we avoid to maintain voltage level
- at 1.5 Mb/s - so we have 16/1.5 ~= 10 instructions per elementary protocol signal
Is it possible to make Arduino as slave USB device from UART lines connected to USB D+/D- interface with careful timing and assembler programming?
I doesn't familiar with ATmega328P pin I/O capabilities, may be them can't operate at 1.5 MHz so project isn't possible?
UPDATE I found V-USB library that:
implementation of a low-speed USB device for Atmel’s AVR® microcontrollers, making it possible to build USB hardware with almost any AVR® microcontroller, not requiring any additional chip.
Still dig into docs to realize possibilities.