My Arduino UNO board is part of a small robot that works when connected to the laptop by USB but it does not when plugged to the batteries. The baterries plug seems okay, it outputs 7.8 V. My UNO is connected to an ArduMoto board that manages the robot motors as well as a bluetooth chip. I have little experience with Arduino or electronics in general so I am stuck on the best course of action.
1) Can I find out what is wrong with the power supply without completely isolating UNO from the robot?
2) If I separate UNO, how can I find out with certainty if my UNO power supply is damaged or not? Is there something in particular that I could measure with my multimeter?
After fully charging my batteries I observed that the LEDs attached to the motor outputs are blinking fast. They blink for about one minute then nothing happens anymore. On USB everything works as expected. Those LEDs show that signal is going towards the motors, but why is it so different to USB? On USB power, the LEDs blink only when I command the robot to move through the BT board while under baterries they blink furiously for a minute and that is all that happens.
I also don't know what happened to the batteries, they seem to be fully drained in just one minute, but I don't know how to test that, they appear to still have high voltage.
I use two LC 18650 4800 mAh 3.7 V UltraFire baterries. The motor shield is Ardumoto Keyes_L298P, very similar to Sparkfun's Ardumoto shield.
I do not have the actual code that is on my Arduino. It must be similar to the code on this page, since I am using their Android app for BT communication with my robot, and it works on USB power supply.