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SoftwareSerial and char typereceives beginning of data mangled

2 added more troubleshooting
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UPDATE:

Trying readBytesUntil - the same result, but I have found that issue is only when I send data to module using println as in this example:

#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
SoftwareSerial Sigfox(11,10);

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600); // HW serial
  Sigfox.begin(9600); // SW serial --> sigfox
  Sigfox.println("AT$I=11");
}

void loop() {
  if(Serial.available()) Sigfox.write(Serial.read());
  SF_read();
}

void SF_read() {
  if (Sigfox.available()) {
    char buff[32];
    int l = Sigfox.readBytesUntil('\n', buff, sizeof(buff));
    if (l > 0 && buff[l - 1] == '\r') {
      l--; // to remove \r if it is there
    }
    buff[l] = 0; // terminate the string
    Serial.println(buff);
  }
}

The response to first command (in setup) is mangled. The response to the same AT command manually written into serial monitor (and sent to module via Sigfox.write in loop) is OK.

ӂ*⸮FBB1E27EE7

3430E2FBB1E27EE7

Also maybe I'm little lost in when to use print and when write... Example says to use write() to send back the char that was read(). Juraj's response uses println() to print the null-terminated buffer. What is the difference when I write/println this buffer?

UPDATE:

Trying readBytesUntil - the same result, but I have found that issue is only when I send data to module using println as in this example:

#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
SoftwareSerial Sigfox(11,10);

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600); // HW serial
  Sigfox.begin(9600); // SW serial --> sigfox
  Sigfox.println("AT$I=11");
}

void loop() {
  if(Serial.available()) Sigfox.write(Serial.read());
  SF_read();
}

void SF_read() {
  if (Sigfox.available()) {
    char buff[32];
    int l = Sigfox.readBytesUntil('\n', buff, sizeof(buff));
    if (l > 0 && buff[l - 1] == '\r') {
      l--; // to remove \r if it is there
    }
    buff[l] = 0; // terminate the string
    Serial.println(buff);
  }
}

The response to first command (in setup) is mangled. The response to the same AT command manually written into serial monitor (and sent to module via Sigfox.write in loop) is OK.

ӂ*⸮FBB1E27EE7

3430E2FBB1E27EE7

Also maybe I'm little lost in when to use print and when write... Example says to use write() to send back the char that was read(). Juraj's response uses println() to print the null-terminated buffer. What is the difference when I write/println this buffer?

1
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SoftwareSerial and char type

I'm using SoftwareSerial to communicate with a Sigfox module. Documentation for the read function assigns its value to a char. However using it I get mangled characters and also have read in other question that I should assign it to int as it can return -1 for no data and [0;255] for received character.

This is my basic troubleshooting example:

#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
SoftwareSerial Sigfox(11,10);

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600); // HW serial
  Sigfox.begin(9600); // SW serial --> sigfox
}

void loop() {
  if(Sigfox.available()) {
    int c = Sigfox.read();
    Serial.write(c);
  }
  if(Serial.available()) Sigfox.write(Serial.read());
}

When c is char, I get -5 instead of OK. Also other output is mangled. When c is int, it receives the data OK.

My question is - why they use char in the example in documentation? Why is char signed in Arduino?

I want to read the entire line of text from serial port and store it into array. How to define that array? I have found an example on web that uses char buffer[32], but then again I get mangled data when I assign to it. If I use array of byte/int/unsigned char, I can't print it as Serial.write(SF_buffer); won't compile because of no matching function for call to 'write(unsigned char [32])'.

So what variable types should I use to receive and store the text from SoftwareSerial correctly?

Here is my function for reading the whole line:

unsigned char SF_buffer [32]; // max length of line to read from serial
bool SigfoxReadine() { // return true when whole line was received and is in buffer
  static int SF_cnt=0;
  while (Sigfox.available()) {
    int c = Sigfox.read();
    SF_buffer[SF_cnt++] = c;
    if ((c == '\n') || (SF_cnt == sizeof(SF_buffer)-1)) {
       SF_buffer[SF_cnt] = '\0';
       SF_cnt = 0;
       return(true);
    }
  }
  return(false);
}